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Table 3 Frequency distribution (percentage %) of students reporting total abstinence from tobacco use, weekly use of toothpicks, and annual dental checkups by place of origin and sex, 1999–2001.

From: Oral health behavior patterns among Tanzanian university students: a repeat cross-sectional survey

  Urban Rural
  Total n = 421 (%) Female n = 185 (%) Male n = 236 (%) Total n = 207 (%) Female n = 48 (%) Male n = 159 (%)
1999       
Never use tobacco 352 (84) 179 (97) 173 (74)** 169 (83) 45 (98) 124 (79) *
Toothpicks 217 (52) 99 (54) 118 (50) 98 (48) 27 (57) 71 (45)
Dental checkups 203 (48) 112 (61) 91 (38)** 76 (37) * 24(51) 52 (32) *
2001 617 (%) 226 (%) 391 (%) 358 (%) 98 (%) 260 (%)
Never use tobacco 523 (87) 209 (95) 314 (81)** 297 (84) 94 (96) 203 (80) **
Toothpicks 375 (62) 129 (58) 246 (63) 219 (63) 52 (55) 167 (66)
Dental checkups 302 (50) 135 (60) 167 (43)** 135 (38)** 57 (58) 78 (30) **
  1. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.001.