Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Estimated unadjusted Odds Ratios (OR) from first level variables for dental pain

From: Social capital and dental pain in Brazilian northeast: a multilevel cross-sectional study

  Dental Pain    
 Yes  No OR 95% CI* P
n = 167 n = 457
Socio-demographic characteristics
Age group, n (%)
 Adolescents (15–19 years) 106 (63.5) 269 (58.9) 1   
 Adults (35–44 years) 52 (31.1) 143 (31.3) 0.92 0.62-1.32 0.686
 Elderly (65–74 years) 9 (5.4) 45 (9.8) 0.51 0.24-1.07 0.076
Sex, n (%)
 Male 52 (31.1) 180 (39.4) 1   
 Female 115 (68.9) 277 (60.6) 1.44 0.98-2.10 0.060
Ethnicity, n (%)
 White 39 (23.4) 113 (24.7) 1   
 Brown 118 (70.6) 313 (68.5) 1.09 0.72-1.66 0.681
 Black 10 (6.0) 31 (6.8) 0.93 0.42-2.08 0.869
Years of schooling, n (%)
 ≥ 9 48 (28.8) 177 (38.7) 1   
 5-8 74 (44.3) 176 (38.5) 1.55 1.02-2.36 0.040
 ≤ 4 45 (26.9) 104 (22.8) 1.60 0.99-2.56 0.053
Family Income, n (%)a
 ≤ $430 11 (7.5) 37 (9.5) 1   
 $431-860 50 (34.2) 95 (24.4) 1.77 0.83-3.77 0.138
 $861 to 2,580 74 (50.8) 205 (52.5) 1.21 0.59-2.50 0.599
 > $ 2,580 11 (7.5) 53 (13.6) 0.70 0.27-1.78 0.451
Sanitation conditions, n (%)b
 Water supply inside house 147 (88.6) 415 (91.0) 1   
 No water supply/outside house 19 (11.4) 41 (9.0) 1.31 0.74-2.33 0.360
Oral health-related behaviors
Frequency of sweet intake, n(%)c
 Never 22 (13.3) 57 (12.5) 1   
 1-3 days per week 86 (51.8) 231 (50.9) 0.97 0.56-1.67 0.898
 ≥ 4 days per week 58 (34.9) 166 (36.6) 0.91 0.51-1.61 0.735
Frequency of tooth brushing, n(%)
 ≥ 3 times per day 91 (54.5) 288 (63.0) 1   
 2 times per day 60 (35.9) 139 (30.4) 1.36 0.93-2.01 0.111
 1 time per day 16 (9.6) 30 (6.6) 1.69 0.88-3.24 0.115
Use of dental services
Utilization of dental care, n(%)
 No 3 (1.8) 19 (4.4) 1   
 Yes 164 (98.2) 437 (95.6) 3.78 0.87-16.33 0.075
Last dental visit, n (%)
 <1 year 110 (65.9) 235 (51.4) 1   
 ≥1 years 54 (32.3) 203 (44.4) 0.57 0.39-0.83 0.003
 Never 3 (1.8) 19 (4.2) 0.34 0.10-1.16 0.085
Oral health measures
Self-perceived oral health, n(%)
 Excellent/Good 31 (18.6) 175 (38.3) 1   
 Fair/Poor/Very Poor 136 (81.4) 282 (61.7) 2.72 1.76-4.20 <0.001
N decayed teeth, mean ± SD 5.5 (4.5) 2.5 (3.2) 1.22 1.16-1.29 <0.001
  1. *95% Confidence Interval; a n = 532; b n = 622; c n = 620.
  2. $430 = 1 Brazilian Minimal Wage.