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Table 3 Distribution of missing teeth and papillary bleeding index by diabetes-related factors

From: Association between diabetes-related factors and clinical periodontal parameters in type-2 diabetes mellitus

Variables No (%) Missing teeth p Papillary bleeding index p
Mean ± S.E Mean ± S.E
Duration of diabetes illness
 ≤5 years 36 (28.8) 3.14 ± 0.60 0.000 1.90 ± 0.11 0.000
 6-9 years 74 (59.2) 4.96 ± 0.41   2.09 ± 0.08  
 ≥10 years 15 (12.0) 8.40 ± 1.44   2.75 ± 0.15  
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl)
 <140 26 (20.8) 2.15 ± 0.39 0.000 1.89 ± 0.10 0.014
 140-199 50 (40.0) 3.72 ± 0.50   2.02 ± 0.11  
 ≥200 49 (39.2) 7.43 ± 0.59   2.34 ± 0.09  
HbA1c (%)
 <7 38 (30.4) 3.79 ± 0.58 0.057 1.97 ± 0.12 0.123
 ≥7 87 (69.6) 5.31 ± 0.46   2.11 ± 0.06  
Compliance to self management of diabetes
 Do-well 70(56.0) 420 ± 0.46 0.046 1.91 ± 0.08 <0.001
 Not do-well 55(44.0) 5.67 ± 0.58   2.39 ± 0.08  
  1. p by t-test or one-way ANOVA.