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Table 2 Chronological overview of oral health literacy tools

From: Measuring oral health literacy: a scoping review of existing tools

Abbreviation Name of tool Year Authors Type of tool
REALD-99 Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry 2007 Richman et al. 99 item word recognition
REALD-30 Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry -30 2007 Lee et al. 30 item word recognition common dental words
ToFHLiD Test of Functional Health Literacy in Dentistry 2007 Gong et al. Reading comprehension and numeracy 68 item reading comprehension and 12 item numeracy
OHLI Oral Health Literacy Instrument 2009 Sabbahi et al. Reading comprehension and numeracy
REALM-D Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry 2010 Atchinson et al. 84 item word recognition
CMOHK Comprehensive Measure of Oral Health Knowledge 2010 Macek et al. 44 questions conceptual knowledge
BHLOHKP Baltimore Health Literacy and Oral Health Knowledge Project survey 2011 Macek et al. 44 item questionnaire conceptual knowledge across 4 domains
HKREALD-30 Hong Kong Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry 2012 Wong et al. Adaptation of the REALD-99 translated to Chinese and shortened to the REALD-30
2013 Bridges et al.
OHLA-S Oral Health Literacy Assessment-Spanish 2012 Lee et al. Developed using the REALD-30 word recognition and comprehension
OHLA-E Oral Health Literacy Assessment-English 2012 Lee et al. Developed using the REALD-30 word recognition and comprehension
REALMD-20 Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry-20 2013 Gironda et al. 20 item word recognition
HKOHLAT-P Hong Kong Oral Health Literacy Assessment Task for Paediatric Dentistry 2013 Wong et al. Mainly literacy and numeracy tasks
2013 Bridges et al.
OHL-AQ Oral Health Literacy Adults Questionnaire 2013 Sistani et al. 17 items in 4 sections, reading comprehension, numeracy, literacy and decision making
HeLD Health Literacy in Dentistry 2013 Jones et al. Modelled on the HeLMS