Skip to main content

Table 2 List of landmarks used for evaluating facial shape

From: Facial morphometrics of children with non-syndromic orofacial clefts in Tanzania

Number landmark description
1 (M) The saddle point of the sking corresponding to the intersection of the frontal and nasal bones.
2 (M) Midline maximum of the curve of the nose; the nasal tip.
3 (M) Junction of the nose and philtrum (base of the columella).
4 (M) Midline of vermillion border of the superior lip between the christa philtri.
5 (M) Midpoint of the labial fissure.
6 (M) Midline of the vermillion border of the inferior lip.
7 (M) The most posterior midpoint on the labiomental soft tissue contour between the lower lip and chin
8 (M) Midline point on the inferior border of the mandible.
9 (R/L) The inner corner of the eye where upper and lower eyelids meet.
11/12 (R/L) The outer corner of eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet.
13/14 (R/L) The most lateral point on the nasal alar crest.
15/16 (R/L) The most posterolateral point at the junction between alar wing and face.
17/18 (R/L) The edge of nasal ala where cartilage of the nose inserts the tissue above the upper lip.
19/20 (R/L) The point at each crossing of the vermilion line and the elevated margin of the philtrum
21/22 (R/L) Point marking the corner of the lips/mouth.
23/24 (R/L) Tip of the eminence at the front of the ear.
25/26 (R/L) The highest point of the junction between the alar wing and face.