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Table 2 Percentage and OR (95% CI) of participants who reported problem with position- and spaces of teeth by socio demographic variables and malocclusion index, SMO.

From: Malocclusion, psycho-social impacts and treatment need: A cross-sectional study of Tanzanian primary school-children

  Tooth position % (n) Adjusted step OR (95% CI Space % (n) Adjusted step OR (95% CI)
Socio demographics     
Kinondoni 10.5 (105) 1 7.8 (78) 1
Temeke 13.9 (83)* 1.6 (1.0–2.5) 7.5 (45) 0.9 (0.5–1.6)
Boy 13.1 (83) 1 8.4 (53) 1
Girl 10.8 (105) 0.7 (0.4–1.0) 7.2 (70) 1.1 (0.6–1.7)
Urban 11.3 (128) 1 8.4 (95) 1
Rural 12.7 (60) 1.1 (0.7–1.8) 5.9 (28) 0.7 (0.4–1.3)
12 yr 11.9 (48) 1 7.7 (31) 1
13 yr 12.5 (89) 0.8 (0.4–1.4) 6.8 (48) 0.7 (0.3–1.3)
14 10.5 (51) 0.7 (0.3–1.3) 9.1 (44) 1.1 (0.5–1.9)
Both parents low education 14.2 (51) 1 8.9 (32) 1
One low/one high 8.9 (17) 0.5 (0.2–0.9) 11.6 (22) 1.3 (0.7–2.3)
Both parents high education 13.2 (369 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 8.8 (24) 0.9 (0.5–1.7)
Clinical status     
SMO = 0 (no malocclusion diagnosed) 1.6 (8) 1 2.9 (14) 1
SMO > 0 16.4 (142)** 6.7 (3.3–13.3) 8.8 (76)** 3.9 (2.0–7.8)
  1. **p < 0.001, *p < 0.05