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Table 1 Descriptive and comparative analysis per individual characteristics, factors related to the disease, socio-economic factors, oral conditions, and negative impact in OHRQoL between younger children (8–10 years) with SCD and control group

From: Caries prevalence and impact on oral health-related quality of life in children with sickle cell disease: cross-sectional study

  Children SCD N (%) Children control-group N (%)
Individual characteristics   
Gender   
Male 31 (55.3) 112 (54.6)
Female 25 (44.7) 93 (45.4)
Child living with biological parents   
No 21 (41.1) 46 (29.0)
Yes 30 (58.9) 113 (71.0)
Factors related to the disease   
Religiosity 6 (10.7)  
No 6 (10.7)  
Sometimes 7 (12.5)  
Frequently 43 (76.8)  
Race   
White 9 (16)  
Black 19 (34)  
Mix 28 (50)  
Age of diagnostic SCD   
<7 months old 52 (95.5)  
7 months - 3 years 3 (5.0)  
Socio-economic factors   
Home overcrowding
 <2 people/room 32 (57.0) 101 (49.3)
 >2 people/room 24 (43.0) 104 (50.7)
Mother education**
 ≤8 years 44 (86.0) 99 (66.5)
 >8 years 7 (14.0) 57 (36.5)
Father education**
 ≤8 years 35 (83.0) 89 (60.5)
 >8 years 7 (17.0) 58 (39.5)
Own house
 No 32 (63.0) 100 (62.9)
 Yes 19 (37.0) 59 (37.1)
Own car**
 No 47 (92.0) 117 (73.6)
 Yes 4 (8.0) 42 (26.4)
Family income U$/month (mean/SD) 584.4 (245.2) 615.8 (274.7)
Oral conditions
DMFT/dmft (mean/SD)* 1.3 (2.1) 1.8 (2.0)
Decayed (mean/SD) 0.9 (1.8) 1.1 (1.5)
Missing (mean/SD) 0 0.2 (0.6)
Filled (mean/SD) 0.4 (1.2) 0.5 (1.0)
Gingival bleeding (n (%)
 No 47 (84.0) 182 (88.8)
 Yes 9 (16.0) 23 (11.2)
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; Chi-square test, Mann–Whitney test or Fisher's exact test