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Table 1 Demographic information for children in each group

From: Signs and symptoms associated with primary tooth eruption: a clinical trial of nonpharmacological remedies

Variable   Group p value
1) Cuddle therapy 2) Piece of ice 3) Rubbing gums 4) Teething rings 5) Food for chewing
Child age (months)   16 ± 5.24 17.92 ± 6.37 15.72 ± 5.07 16.08 ± 7.10 18.31 ± 6.11 0.093
Sex Boy 29 (54.7 %) 25 (50 %) 24 (48 %) 22 (43.1 %) 26 (52 %) 0.813
Girl 24 (45.3 %) 25 (50 %) 26 (52 %) 29 (56.9 %) 24 (48 %)
Maternal age (year)   32.08 ± 6.56 29.42 ± 6.15 30.33 ± 6.84 30.51 ± 5.68 29.31 ± 4.57 0.121
Maternal education level Less than diploma 9 (17 %) 10 (20 %) 12 (24 %) 11 (19.3 %) 8 (16 %) 0.735
Diploma 26 (49.1 %) 28 (56 %) 28 (56 %) 26 (45.6 %) 25 (50 %)
University 18 (34 %) 12 (24 %) 10 (20 %) 20 (35.1 %) 17 (34 %)
  1. Quantitative characteristics were reported as the mean ± SD, and qualitative characteristics were reported and the frequency (%)