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Table 1 Demographic profile of the children and families, child oral health, and parental report of child oral health-related behaviors

From: An assessment of the impacts of child oral health in Indonesia and associations with self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability

  6–7 years old 10–11 years old
Child gender n = 539 n = 445
 Male 245 (46%) 188 (42%)
 Female 255 (47%) 201 (45%)
 Missing gender data (no parent questionnaire) 39 (7%) 56 (13%)
Decayed teeth
 Mean number of decayed primary teeth (SD) 7.8 (4.4) 1.4 (2.0)
 Mean number of decayed permanent teeth (SD) 0.8 (1.2) 2.7 (2.4)
Percentage of children with no decayed teeth
 % dt = 0 31 (6.4%) 207 (51.8%)
 % DT = 0 301 (62.5%) 73 (18.3%)
 % dt and % DT = 0 29 (6.0%) 41 (10.3%)
Child oral cleanliness
 Substantial plaque visible 238 (49.4%) 153 (38.3%)
 Abundant bleeding on gentle probing 63 (13.1%) 68 (17.0%)
 Missing data 57 (10.6%) 45 (10.1%)
Mothers’ education level
 Primary education 107 (20%) 68 (15%)
 Secondary education 217 (40%) 152 (34%)
 Higher education 95 (18%) 68 (15%)
 Missing data 120 (22%) 157 (35%)
Parent report of their own tooth-brushing behavior
 Less than twice daily 77 (24%) 49 (22%)
 Twice daily or more 187 (59%) 126 (56%)
 Missing data 53 (17%) 51 (23%)
Parent report of their child’s tooth-brushing behavior
 Never 7 (1.6%) 3 (1.0%)
 Not every day/every other day 20 (4.6%) 13 (4.2%)
 Once a day 23 (5.3%) 16 (5.2%)
 Twice a day 338 (77.7%) 230 (74.9%)
 Three times a day 47 (10.8%) 45 (14.7%)
 Missing data 104 (19.3%) 138 (31.0%)
Parent report of their child’s sweet-eating frequency
 Every day 90 (21.1%) 42 (14.1%)
 Most days 102 (23.9%) 60 (20.1%)
 Once a week/occasionally 234 (43.4%) 195 (43.8%)
 Never 1 (0.2%) 2 (0.7%)
 Missing data 112 (20.1%) 146 (32.8%)
Parent report describing how they sweeten their child’s drinks
 Sweeten with sugar 187 (44.2%) 149 (51.0%)
 Sweeten with honey 66 (15.6%) 28 (9.6%)
 Sweeten with condensed milk 62 (14.7%) 39 (13.4%)
 Never sweeten drinks 115 (27.2%) 77 (26.4%)
 Missing data 116 (21.5%) 153 (34.4%)
Parent report of what drinks are sweetened
 Sweeten milk 131 (31.0%) 70 (24.1%)
 Sweeten water 9 (2.1%) 6 (2.1%)
 Sweeten tea 260 (61.6%) 196 (67.4%)
 Missing data 117 (21.7%) 154 (34.6%)