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Table 1 GOHAI items and frequency distribution of the responses (n = 90)

From: Psychometric characteristics of the “General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) » in a French representative sample of patients with schizophrenia

In the past three months Never Seldom Sometimes Often Always
How often did you limit the kinds or amounts of food you eat because of problems with your teeth or denture ? 47
(52.2%)
17
(18.9%)
14
(15.6%)
11
(12.2%)
1
(1.1%)
How often did you have trouble biting or chewing any kinds of food, such as a firm meat or apples ? 32
(35.6%)
22
(22.2%)
19
(21.1%)
9
(10%)
9
(10%)
How often were you able to swallow comfortably ? 30
(33.3%)
36
(40%)
10
(11.1%)
6
(6.7%)
6
(6.7%)
How often have your teeth or dentures prevented you from speaking the way you wanted ? 60
(66.7%)
8
(8.9%)
10
(11.1%)
5
(5.6%)
5
(5.6%)
How often were you able to eat anything without feeling discomfort ? 18
(20%)
25
(27.8%)
17
(18.9%)
17
(18.9%)
13
(14.4%)
How often did you limit contacts with people because of the condition of your teeth or dentures ? 68
(75.6%)
5
(5.6%)
10
(11.1%)
3
(3.3%)
4
(4.4%)
How often were you pleased or happy with the appearance of your teeth, gums or dentures ? 11
(12.2%)
36
(40%)
19
(21.1%)
15
(16.7%)
9
(10%)
How often did you use medication to relieve pain or discomfort around your mouth ? 31
(34.4%)
20
(22.2%)
25
(27.8%)
8
(8.9%)
6
(6.7%)
How often were you worried or concerned about the problems with your teeth, gums or dentures ? 27
(30%)
15
(16.7%)
24
(26.7%)
18
(20%)
6
(6.7%)
How often did you feel nervous or self-conscious because of problems with your teeth, gums or dentures ? 35
(38.9%)
18
(20%)
24
(26.7%)
10
(11.1%)
3
(3.3%)
How often did you feel uncomfortable eating in front of people because of problems with your teeth or dentures? 66
(73.3%)
7
(7.8%)
11
(12.2%)
1
(1.1%)
5
(5.6%)
How often were your teeth or gums sensitive to hot, cold or sweet foods ? 22
(24.4%)
18
(20%)
30
(33.3%)
11
(12.2%)
9
(10%)
  1. Add-GOHAI score: mean = 45.53 (8.41), minimum = 17, maximum = 60