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Table 3 Explanation of optional CDEs by specific centers

From: The basic research factors questionnaire for studying early childhood caries

Domains (number of items) Center using the variable Description (number of items) Range Levels
Health Literacy (1) BU and UCSF Single Item Literacy Screener (SILS) of Chew et al. (2004) and Morris et al. (2006) 1–5
1 = always
5 = never
Parent/Caregiver
Health Literacy (2) UCD 3 items adapted from screening items developed by Chew et al. (2004) and Morris et al (2006) 1–5
1 = always
5 = never
Parent/Caregiver
Tribal Identity (2) UCD Tribal identity measures items assessing facility with tribal language and tribal values 1–5
1 = always
5 = never
Child
Acculturation (13) BU and UCSF The revised Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican-Americans (ARSMA-II) 1–5
1 = Not at all
5 = All the time
Parent/Family
Oral Health Locus of Control (9)
Subscales - Internal locus of control (3)
External locus of control - powerful others (3)
External locus of control - chance (3)
UCD Attitudes about who or what has control over their child’s oral health outcomes (i.e., the parents themselves, the dentist, or chance) 1–5
1 = Strongly disagree
5 = Strongly agree
Parent/Family
Official Tribal Affiliation (3) UCD This measure includes items related to enrollment in the tribe 1 = yes
0 = no
2 = pending
Parent/Family
Insurance (7) UCD This measure included items related to Indian Health Services 1 = yes
0 = no
Parent/Family
Perceived Discrimination (9) UCD The perceived discrimination measure represents the amount of discrimination participants feel they are subject to, on account of being American Indian 1–4
1 = Never
4 = Often
Parent/Family
Sense of Coherence (13)
Comprehensibility (5)
Meaningfulness (4)
Manageability (4)
UCD Degree to which participants feel the world makes sense and has meaning 1–7
Higher numbers indicate
stronger coherence
Parent/Family
Social Support (4) UCD Degree to which participants believe they have others available to help them when needed 0–1
0 = No available support
1 = Support available
Parent/Family
Chronic Stress (17
Subscales - Expectations (3)
Location hassles (5)
Community family dysfunction (2)
Community risky behaviors (5)
Community economic distress (2)
UCD Ongoing stress related to personal expectations, hassles associated with the local community, and community dysfunction 1–4
1 = Strongly disagree
4 = Strongly agree
Parent/Family
Parent Stress Index (8) UCSF 8 parent stress items adapted from Detroit Dental Health Project’s adaption of the short version of Abidin 1–5
1 = never
5 = almost always
Parent/Family
Alcohol Use (3) UCD A shortened version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Referred to as the AUDIT-C. The alcohol score provides an indication of the degree to which a participant drinks excessively. 0–12
Large numbers represent greater alcohol use
Parent/Family
Distress (6) UCD Amount of distress experienced in the last 30 days. 1–5
1 = none of the time
5 = all the time
Community
Parent/Family
Motivation (12) BU Items are summed to indicate how motivated participants are to engage in a variety of behaviors concerning their child’s oral health 1–5 scale
1 = not at all
3 = somewhat want to
5 = very much
Parent/Family
Caregiver Stress (9) BU The measured represents caregiver stress using the Hassles Scale 1 = yes
0 = no
Parent/Family
Oral Health Knowledge (17) BU and UCSF The overall knowledge score represents the percentage of oral health knowledge items answered correctly. Four items are true/false;13 items have these response options:
Good for your child’s teeth, does not affect your child’s teeth, bad for your child’s teeth, don’t know, and prefer not to answer.
Parent/Family
Cavity Prevention Information Source (1) UCSF Where does the parent/caregiver get information about cavity prevention TV, radio, dentist, family member, friends, magazine, doctor, WIC program Parent/Family
Sealant History, Knowledge, and Acceptability (6) UCSF Past sealant history, knowledge and acceptability 1 = yes
0 = no
Don’t know
Child
Child country of birth (3) UCSF This measure collects information about the country of birth N/A Child
Child birth order (1) UCSF Birth order N/A Child
Importance of engaging in behaviors to support child’s oral health (12) BU and UCD Items are summed to indicate participants’ perceived importance of engaging in a variety of behaviors concerning their child’s oral health. 1–5 scale
1 = not at all
3 = somewhat want to
5 = very much
Parent/Family
Physical Living Conditions (4) BU and UCD This measure assess the living conditions of the caregiver (having enough food, decent place to live, sufficient clothing and access to health care) 1 = yes
0 = no
Don’t know and prefer not to answer are also options
Parent/Family
Health Belief Model (16)
Subscales -Perceived susceptibility (3)
Perceived severity (3)
Perceived barriers (5)
Perceived benefits (5)
UCSF, BU and UCD The measure represents the parent/caregiver agreement level with items related to each domain. 1–5
1 = Strongly disagree
5 = Strongly agree
Parent/Family