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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for the IDAF-4C and MDAS by gender (Mann-Whitney U test)

From: Translation and validation of the Finnish version of the Index of dental anxiety and fear (IDAF-4C+) among dental students

  Total n = 172 Female n = 117 Male n = 52 p
  Mean (SD) Md Mean (SD) Md Mean (SD) Md
IDAF-4C total score 1.45 (0.58) 1.3 1.49 (0.63) 1.3 1.36 (0.46) 1.3 0.247
IDAF-4C physiological 1.54 (0.68) 1.5 1.58 (0.72) 1.5 1.47 (0.60) 1.5 0.545
IDAF-4C behavioral 1.41 (0.73) 1.0 1.40 (0.78) 1.0 1.42 (0.61) 1.0 0.195
IDAF-4C cognitive 1.25 (0.54) 1.0 1.29 (0.58) 1.0 1.18 (0.42) 1.0 0.300
IDAF-4C emotional 1.60 (0.80) 1.5 1.71 (0.86) 1.5 1.35 (0.57) 1.0 0.003
MDAS total sum 8.98 (3.01) 8 9.32 (3.16) 9 8.35 (2.55) 8 0.086
MDAS F1 sum 3.16 (1.37) 3 3.22 (1.47) 3 3.10 (1.11) 3 0.986
MDAS F2 sum 5.81 (2.01) 5 6.09 (2.07) 6 5.25 (1.81) 5 0.012
  1. IDAF-4C Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear, MDAS Modified Dental Anxiety Scale, F1 Treatment related anxiety factor, F2 Anticipatory anxiety factor