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Table 4 Parental practices among migrant children in 2011 and 2013 (n =1042)

From: Oral health knowledge, behaviors and parental practices among rural–urban migrant children in Guangzhou: a follow-up study

  2011 \( \left(\overline{x}\pm \mathrm{s}\right) \) 2013 \( \left(\overline{x}\pm \mathrm{s}\right) \) Change \( \left(\overline{x}\pm \mathrm{s}\right) \) p-value a
Parental attention to children’s caries
Total score 4.67 ± 1.13 4.84 ± 1.05 0.17 ± 1.31 <0.001
Will your parents always pay attention to whether you have caries? 2.14 ± 0.80 2.23 ± 0.73 0.09 ± 0.95 0.002
 Always 39.64% 40.69%   
 Sometimes 34.35% 41.65%   
 Rarely 26.01% 17.66%   
If you have pain with your teeth or have caries, which of the following measures will your parents take? 2.53 ± 0.70 2.61 ± 0.64 0.08 ± 0.86 0.003
 Take you to the hospital and follow the doctor’s recommendations 65.16% 69.29%   
 Left unchecked, or be ignored 12.09% 8.25%   
 Depending on the state 22.75% 22.46%   
Parental diet guidance
Total score 12.02 ± 3.14 12.29 ± 3.43 0.27 ± 4.01 0.032
Do your parents often give you money for snacks? 3.67 ± 1.10 3.80 ± 1.10 0.13 ± 1.34 0.002
 Always 3.74% 4.80%   
 Usually 10.65% 7.58%   
 Often 27.93% 20.15%   
 Sometimes 29.94% 37.43%   
 Rarely 27.74% 30.04%   
When your parents give you money, do they tell you what to buy? 2.54 ± 1.38 2.64 ± 1.52 0.10 ± 1.93 0.092
 Always 11.42% 18.62%   
 Usually 14.78% 13.05%   
 Often 23.61% 16.79%   
 Sometimes 16.99% 17.08%   
 Rarely 33.20% 34.46%   
Do your parents often supervise what kind of snacks you buy? 2.68 ± 1.43 2.71 ± 1.53 0.04 ± 1.91 0.538
 Always 15.36% 20.35%   
 Usually 15.16% 13.63%   
 Often 21.88% 15.16%   
 Sometimes 16.99% 18.71%   
 Rarely 30.61% 32.15%   
Do you often discuss how to eat is a healthy diet at home with your parents? 3.13 ± 1.36 3.13 ± 1.39 0.00 ± 1.77 0.986
 Always 21.02% 22.46%   
 Usually 20.44% 20.44%   
 Often 25.91% 21.11%   
 Sometimes 16.12% 19.87%   
 Rarely 16.51% 16.12%   
  1. aMarginal Homogeneity Test