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Table 2 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for limited functional capacity (Y = 1) relative to functional dentition (Y = 0) and for edentulous (Y = 2) relative to limited functional capacity (Y = 1) resulting from generalized adjacent-categories logistic regression with 4 spatial models defined by kernel bandwidth h: ElderSmile program, New York, NY, 2006-2013 (n = 1490 complete cases for dentition status)

From: Estimating peer density effects on oral health for community-based older adults

Variables Model 1,h = 0.25 mile Model 2,h = 0.5 mile Model 3,h = 1.0 mile Model 4,h = 1.5 mile
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Limited Functional Capacity (Y = 1) vs. Functional Dentition (Y = 0)
 Female 1.208***(1.143, 1.277) 1.217***(1.152, 1.285) 1.217***(1.152, 1.285) 1.213***(1.149, 1.285)
 Non-Hispanic White 0.320***(0.277, 0.370) 0.329***(0.284, 0.380) 0.347***(0.300, 0.401) 0.353***(0.305, 0.380)
 Non-Hispanic Black 1.090***(1.030, 1.153) 1.143***(1.080, 1.209) 1.181***(1.115, 1.250) 1.166***(1.099, 1.212)
 Other non-Hispanic race/ethnicity 0.593***(0.463, 0.760) 0.584***(0.459, 0.743) 0.595***(0.467, 0.758) 0.592***(0.464, 0.744)
 Age in years 1.0379***(1.0347, 1.0412) 1.0372***(1.0339, 1.0404) 1.0369***(1.0336, 1.0402) 1.0370***(1.0337, 1.0405)
 Former smoker 0.878(0.654, 1.179) 0.878(0.652, 1.183) 0.892(0.662, 1.202) 0.894(0.664, 1.182)
 Never smoked 0.565***(0.426, 0.749) 0.563***(0.425, 0.748) 0.567***(0.427, 0.751) 0.570***(0.430, 0.747)
 Medicaid dental insurance 1.450***(1.145, 1.836) 1.460***(1.148, 1.856) 1.456***(1.146, 1.850) 1.448***(1.139, 1.856)
 Private dental insurance 0.874(0.715, 1.069) 0.899(0.736, 1.098) 0.922(0.757, 1.124) 0.926(0.759, 1.096)
 High school education 1.064(0.957, 1.183) 1.078(0.969, 1.200) 1.096*(0.987, 1.219) 1.099*(0.990, 1.197)
 Collegeeducation 0.903(0.773, 1.055) 0.892(0.760, 1.047) 0.913(0.777, 1.072) 0.920(0.784, 1.046)
 Peer density(KDE) 0.9999813***(0.9999795, 0.9999983) 0.9999865***(0.9999837, 0.9999892) 1.0000053*(0.9999996, 1.0000084) 1.0000144*(0.9999997, 1.0000291)
Edentulous (Y = 2) vs. Limited Functional Capacity (Y = 1)
 Female 0.887***(0.837, 0.940) 0.889***(0.839, 0.942) 0.886***(0.836, 0.939) 0.881***(0.831, 0.943)
 Non-Hispanic White 0.935(0.758, 1.153) 0.927(0.750, 1.146) 0.995(0.804, 1.231) 1.042(0.840, 1.149)
Non-Hispanic Black 1.019(0.942, 1.101) 1.018(0.942, 1.099) 1.036(0.961, 1.117) 0.995(0.922, 1.098)
 Other non-Hispanic race/ethnicity 0.535*(0.283, 1.012) 0.535*(0.283, 1.013) 0.533*(0.281, 1.013) 0.527*(0.277, 1.016)
 Age in years 1.0264***(1.0236, 1.0292) 1.0264***(1.0236, 1.0292) 1.0264***(1.0236, 1.0292) 1.0265***(1.0237, 1.0292)
 Former smoker 0.912(0.687, 1.211) 0.911(0.687, 1.209) 0.918(0.691, 1.220) 0.920(0.692, 1.212)
 Never smoked 0.813(0.564, 1.173) 0.814(0.564, 1.173) 0.815(0.566, 1.173) 0.823(0.572, 1.172)
 Medicaid dental insurance 1.492***(1.299, 1.713) 1.490***(1.297, 1.711) 1.490***(1.297, 1.712) 1.475***(1.285, 1.711)
 Private dental insurance 1.430*(0.939, 2.178) 1.427*(0.939, 2.169) 1.436*(0.943, 2.187) 1.434*(0.941, 2.175)
 High school education 0.696***(0.603, 0.803) 0.695***(0.602, 0.803) 0.700***(0.606, 0.809) 0.699***(0.604, 0.804)
 Collegeeducation 0.481***(0.383, 0.605) 0.480***(0.381, 0.603) 0.488***(0.389, 0.614) 0.492***(0.391, 0.604)
 Peer density(KDE) 0.9999990(0.9999972, 1.0000009) 0.9999972***(0.9999950, 0.9999993) 1.0000244*(0.9999995, 1.0000493) 1.0000517*(0.9999947, 1.0001087)
 McFadden’sR 2 0.0644 0.0622 0.0621 0.0633
  1. *** p < 0.01; ** p < 0.05; * p < 0.10