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Table 4 Generalized estimating equation analysis, with responses from CWS regressed upon PDHP’s reasons for reporting, adjusted analysis*                                                  

From: Reasons for reported suspicion of child maltreatment and responses from the child welfare - a cross-sectional study of Norwegian public dental health personnel

  CWS has opened an investigation and taken measures CWS has opened an investigation and dropped the case CWS has opened an investigation, but no further information has been given CWS has not opened an investigation, case dropped CWS has not given any feedback at all
PDHP’s reason for reporting to CWS OR (95% CI)  P OR (95% CI)  P OR (95% CI)  P OR (95% CI)  P OR (95% CI)  P
Did not attend/was not brought 0.667 (0.469–0.949) .024 1.282 (0.829–1.980) .264 1.522 (0.948–2.444) .082 1.603 (0.822–3.125) .166 1.323 (0.875–2.001) .184
Grave caries 1.628 (1.148–2.309) .006 0.904 (0.607–1.346) .620 1.076 (0.675–1.713) .759 0.684 (0.399–1.172) .167 1.192 (0.838–1.697) .329
Lack of hygiene 1.069 (0.755–1.514) .707 0.834 (0.506–1.374) .475 1.105 (0.643–1.899) .717 0.702 (0.310–1.587) .395 1.201 (0.812–1.775) .359
Suspicion of neglect 1.649 (1.190–2.285) .003 0.793 (0.499–1.259) .326 0.967 (0.570–1.639) .900 0.557 (0.259–1.197) .134 1.249 (0.871–1.791) .226
Interaction with parents/guardians 0.944 (0.648–1.377) .767 1.092 (0.619–1.927) .761 1.156 (0.674–1.985) .598 1.079 (0.486–2.394) .852 1.030 (0.687–1.545) .885
Abnormal behavior in the child 1.392 (0.938–2.068) .101 0.498 (0.284–0.847) .015 1.779 (1.025–3.088) .041 0.788 (0.220–2.819) .714 0.838 (0.543–1.291) .422
Treatment refusal 0.875 (0.587–1.305) .513 1.270 (0.742–2.172) .384 0.820 (0.507–1.327) .420 1.134 (0.462–2.781) .784 1.113 (0.746–1.661) .599
Gingivitis 1.411 (0.908–2.192) .126 0.955 (0.506–1.804) .888 0.948 (0.430–2.091) .895 0.780 (0.105–5.776) .808 0.935 (0.569–1.537) .792
Suspicion of physical abuse 1.352 (0.693–2.638) .376 0.984 (0.403–2.402) .972 0.687 (0.295–1.599) .384 0.952 (0.278–3.264) .938 1.601 (0.778–3.297) .202
Suspicion of sexual abuse 1.979 (1.047–3.742) .036 0.878 (0.327–2.359) .797 0.755 (0.280–2.035) .579 No numbers   0.870 (0.431–1.756) .698
Suspicion of psychological abuse 0.783 (0.343–1.788) .562 0.996 (0.384–2.580) .993 1.188 (0.525–2.685) .679 2.286 (0.777–6.730) .133 1.211 (0.684–2.144) .512
Trauma 1.613 (0.645–4.035) .307 1.353 (0.347–5.271) .663 2.358 (0.859–6.474) .096 No numbers   0.507 (0.139–1.846) .303
Wounds, lesions or other oral finds 0.831 (0.241–2.867) .770 No numbers   1.659 (0.453–6.079) .445 No numbers   1.669 (0.752–3.703) .208
Dentist (dental hygienist is reference) 0.623 (0.425–0.916) .016 0.866 (0.564–1.331) .511 1.414 (0.807–2.476) .226 0.870 (0.402–1.884) .724 1.337 (0.855–2.092) .203
Other 0.821 (0.388–1.739) .606 0.975 (0.458–2.074) .948 1.568 (0.683–3.854) .327 No numbers   1.362 (0.603–3.074) .458
  1. * Mutually adjusted estimates; adjustments were made for PDHP’s reasons for reporting and PDHP’s specific occupation