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Table 6 Displacement of condyle (long-term)

From: Effect of protraction facemask on the temporomandibular joint: a systematic review

Author Outcome Long-term effect
Mandall (2010, 2012) Cephalometric Analysis: prevalence of forward mandibular displacement on closure 50.0% have a forward mandibular displacement in control group (baseline: 52.6%)
21.9% have a forward mandibular displacement in PFM group (baseline: 52.9%)
Gallagher (1998) Cephalometric Analysis: the direction of condylion movement Condylion moved inferiorly and posteriorly significantly.