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Table 4 Statistical analysis of 1-month removal torque test data (Newton/cm)

From: Evaluation of the effects of different sand particles that used in dental implant roughened for osseointegration

   1 month experimental animals Kruskal Walls test
n Mean Min. Max. Med. Standard deviation p
Al2O3 8 46.11 25.76 80.89 45.5 17.4 0.656
TiO2 8 37.95 20.58 65.47 37.52 14.10
SiO2 8 40.27 21.26 81.56 33.92 20.93
Control 8 42.75 20.93 77.51 40.5 17.03