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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals estimated from unconditional panel logistic regression models for D rate among adolescents in Gangneung (N = 2003)

From: Inequalities in oral health among adolescents in Gangneung, South Korea

D rate Model 1† Model 2‡
Gender
 Girls (vs. boys) 0.65(0.39–1.06)   0.71(0.41–1.23)  
School type
 Vocational (vs. general) 3.10(1.79–5.35) *** 2.68(1.46–4.92) **
Father’s education
 High school (vs. college) 2.15(1.15–4.01) * 2.04(1.05–3.98) *
Mother’s education
 High school (vs. college) 0.92(0.48–1.76)   0.86(0.43–1.73)  
Perceived economic status
 Low (vs. high) 1.03(0.62–1.71)   1.05(0.61–1.81)  
FAS
 Low (vs. high) 1.82(0.95–3.49)   1.80(0.88–3.64)  
Frequency of tooth-brushing
 < 2 (vs. N ≥ 2)    1.42(0.72–2.83)  
Frequency of eating snacks
 ≥1 (vs. N < 1)    1.64(1.00–2.70)  
Frequency of drinking soda
 ≥1 (vs. N < 1)    1.13(0.66–1.95)  
Smoking experience
 Yes (vs. no)    1.72(1.02–2.92) *
Annual visits to dental clinic
 No (vs. yes)    1.91(1.22–3.01) **
  1. † Model 1: adjusted for gender, school type, father’s education, mother’s education, subjective economic status, and FAS
  2. ‡ Model 2: adjusted for gender, school type, father’s education, mother’s education, subjective economic status, FAS, frequency of tooth brushing, eating snacks, and drinking soda, smoking, and annual visits to dental clinics
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. - mean VIF (=1.37) < 10