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Table 3 Serum lipid profile due to presence of periodontal bacteria, total pathogenic burden, and periodontitis

From: Relationship between the burden of major periodontal bacteria and serum lipid profile in a cross-sectional Japanese study

Exposures No. (%) High-density lipoprotein Triglycerides Low-density lipoprotein Total cholesterol
mean ± SD mean ± SD mean ± SD mean ± SD
P. gingivalis
 Yes 196 (57.8) 60.7 ± 14.6 108.9 ± 64.9 123.3 ± 28.1 205.8 ± 30.4
 No 143 (42.2) 63.0 ± 17.3 101.6 ± 50.7 120.0 ± 29.2 203.3 ± 32.8
p-value   0.21 0.26 0.30 0.47
T. denticola
 Yes 209 (61.7) 59.8 ± 15.0 110.1 ± 65.0 121.9 ± 27.0 203.7 ± 30.2
 No 130 (38.3) 64.8 ± 16.8 98.9 ± 48.4 121.8 ± 31.1 206.4 ± 33.4
p-value   0.00 0.07 0.96 0.45
T. forsythia
 Yes 256 (75.5) 60.7 ± 15.7 108.7 ± 64.3 121.8 ± 28.5 204.3 ± 30.6
 No 83 (24.5) 64.7 ± 15.9 97.0 ± 39.5 122.0 ± 28.9 206.0 ± 34.1
p-value   0.05 0.05 1.00 0.66
P. intermedia
 Yes 183 (54.0) 59.9 ± 15.6 110.6 ± 67.2 122.4 ± 27.5 204.4 ± 29.9
 No 156 (46.0) 63.9 ± 15.8 100.3 ± 48.2 121.2 ± 29.8 205.1 ± 33.3
p-value   0.02 0.11 0.68 0.84
Periodontal pathogenic burden
 Low 39 (11.5) 66.2 ± 16.1a 97.1 ± 44.3 124.1 ± 27.7 209.7 ± 30.2
 Moderate 200 (59.0) 63.3 ± 16.2a 102.1 ± 51.9 119.7 ± 29.5 203.4 ± 32.8
 High 100 (29.5) 56.7 ± 13.8b 116.8 ± 75.4 125.3 ± 26.9 204.7 ± 31.4
p-value   <.01 0.08 0.19 0.51
Groups based on combination of bacterial burden and periodontitis
 Periodontitis(−) and low 27 (7.0) 69.5 ± 15.4 a 89.6 ± 43.8 a 128.8 ± 31.2 216.1 ± 30.5
 Periodontitis(−) and moderate 127 (33.0) 64.9 ± 16.0 a 91.9 ± 41.0 a 119.4 ± 28.7 202.7 ± 30.7
 Periodontitis(−) and high 41 (10.6) 64.1 ± 13.1 a 92.5 ± 39.7 a 123.8 ± 19.3 206.4 ± 22.3
 Periodontitis(+) and low 9 (2.3) 63.4 ± 13.1 a 107.0 ± 49.1 a 112.7 ± 16.4 197.5 ± 28.4
 Periodontitis(+) and moderate 90 (23.4) 61.9 ± 16.6 ab 113.8 ± 63.2 ab 118.4 ± 31.0 203.0 ± 35.6
 Periodontitis(+) and high 66 (17.1) 52.8 ± 12.7 b 131.5 ± 87.1 b 125.8 ± 30.7 204.8 ± 32.95
p-value   <.01 <.01 0.38 0.52
  1. P-values by ANOVA test or t- test. Means with the same letter (a and b) are not significantly different by Tukey test