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Table 4 Means of serum lipids by periodontal pathogenic burden using multivariable GLM models

From: Relationship between the burden of major periodontal bacteria and serum lipid profile in a cross-sectional Japanese study

  Means of serum lipids
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
MEAN ± SD LSM MEAN ± SD LSM MEAN ± SD LSM
High-density lipoprotein (mg/dL)
Periodontal pathogenic burden
  Low 66.2 ± 16.1 65.4 68.1 ± 14.9 66.4 68.1 ± 14.9 66.1
  Moderate 63.3 ± 16.2 63.4 63.6 ± 16.3 63.1 63.5 ± 16.3 63.0
  High 56.7 ± 13.8 56.9 56.8 ± 13.9 58.2 57.3 ± 13.8 58.9
  P for trend > 0.05 P for trend = 0.07 P for trend = 0.05
  Adjusted R2 = 0.10 Adjusted R2 = 0.18 Adjusted R2 = 0.19
Triglycerides (mg/dL)
Periodontal pathogenic burden
  Low 97.1 ± 44.3 100.6 93.6 ± 44.8 100.0 93.6 ± 44.8 101.0
  Moderate 102.1 ± 51.9 101.4 101.5 ± 52.7 102.9 101.8 ± 53.1 103.7
  High 116.8 ± 75.4 116.8 117.6 ± 75.8 112.9 115.9 ± 76.1 109.6
  P for trend > 0.05 P for trend > 0.05 P for trend > 0.05
  Adjusted R2 = 0.05 Adjusted R2 = 0.12 Adjusted R2 = 0.14
Low-density lipoprotein (mg/dL)
Periodontal pathogenic burden
  Low 124.1 ± 27.7 123.4 125.1 ± 29.1 123.5 125.1 ± 29.1 122.9
  Moderate 119.7 ± 29.5 119.6 119.0 ± 29.7 118.9 119.5 ± 29.8 119.3
  High 125.3 ± 26.9 125.8 125.1 ± 27.1 125.7 124.9 ± 27.6 126.0
  P for trend > 0.05 P for trend > 0.05 P for trend > 0.05
  Adjusted R2 = 0.14 Adjusted R2 = 0.03 Adjusted R2 = 0.03
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL)
Periodontal pathogenic burden
 Low 209.7 ± 30.2 208.9 211.9 ± 30.6 209.9 211.9 ± 30.6 209.2
 Moderate 203.4 ± 32.8 203.2 202.8 ± 32.9 202.6 203.3 ± 32.8 203.1
 High 205.4 ± 29.2 206.1 205.5 ± 29.5 206.5 205.4 ± 30.1 206.8
  P for trend > 0.05 P for trend > 0.05 P for trend > 0.05
  Adjusted R2 = 0.04 Adjusted R2 = 0.03 Adjusted R2 = 0.02
  1. Model 1: Adjusted for age and gender, Model 2: Additionally adjusted for periodontitis, BMI, diabetes, and hypertension, Model 3: Additionally adjusted for smoking, drinking, exercise, tooth brushing, and dental flossing
  2. Bold indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05)