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Table 3 Main characteristics of included studies

From: Comparative evaluation of the vertical fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots filled with Gutta-percha and Resilon: a meta-analysis of in vitro studies

Author Year Sample size/Tooth type Irrigants Obturation technique Test machine loading rate Experimental group Control group
Lertchirakarn et al. [27] 2002 20/Mandibular anterior teeth EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 0.5 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus Negative control
Hegde et al. [11] 2015 60/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Single-cone technique 1 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Epiphany Negative control; Positive control
Topçuoğlu et al. [12] 2013 45/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Single-cone technique 1 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus Negative control; Positive control
Baba et al. [13] 2010 60/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 1 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Epiphany Positive control
Kumar et al. [15] 2014 60/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Not reported 1.25 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Realseal Positive control
Jainaen et al. [14] 2008 40/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Not reported 1 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Realseal Negative control; Positive control
Monteiro et al. [16] 2011 60/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 1.25 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Realseal Positive control
Elmakki et al. [23] 2014 60/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 1 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Epiphany Negative control; Positive control
Hammad et al. [24] 2007 23/Single rooted teeth EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 10 mm/min Resilon/Realseal Negative control
Nagpal et al. [28] 2012 40/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 1 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Epiphany Negative control
Langalia et al. [26] 2015 36/Maxillary anterior teeth EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 5 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Realseal Negative control
Khan et al. [25] 2015 60/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 1 mm/min Resilon/Epiphany Positive control
Dibajia et al. [22] 2017 35/Mandibular premolars EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 1 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Epiphany Negative control
Sandikci et al. [29] 2014 60/Mandibular anterior teeth EDTA and NaClO Lateral condensation technique 1 mm/min Gutta-percha/AH plus; Resilon/Epiphany Negative control; Positive control