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Table 1 Sample characteristics and prevalence rate of edentulism among older adults in Indonesia

From: The prevalence of edentulism and their related factors in Indonesia, 2014/15

  Total sample Prevalence rate of edentulism
N (%) n % (95% CI)a
Sociodemographics
 All 7994 685 7.2 (6.7, 7.8)
 Age in years
  50–59 4024 (52.6) 142 3.1 (2.5, 3.7)
  60–69 2226 (27.9) 169 6.4 (5.4, 7.5)
  70–79 1251 (14.0) 222 15.9 (13.8, 18.2)
  80 or more 493 (5.5) 152 29.8 (25.5, 34.4) P- trend < 0.001
 Sex
  Female 4317 (51.9) 392 7.6 (6.8, 8.5)
  Male 3677 (48.1) 293 6.8 (6.0, 7.7)
 Education
  None 1324 (16.7) 185 11.8 (10.0, 13.8)
  Elementary 4308 (55.5) 373 7.3 (6.5, 8.1)
  High school 1723 (21.1) 92 4.7 (3.8, 5.8)
  Higher education 569 (6.8) 16 2.1 (1.2, 3.7)
 Subjective economic background
  Poor 2072 (31.0) 135 6.5 (5.5, 7.7)
  Medium 3024 (42.3) 194 6.3 (5.2, 7.5)
  Rich 1789 (26.7) 112 6.8 (6.0, 7.8)
 Rural 3541 (48.0) 334 7.9 (7.0, 8.9)
 Urban 4453 (52.0) 351 6.6 (5.8, 7.4)
 Region
  Sumatra 1659 (20.8) 130 6.6 (5.5, 7.8)
  Java 4647 (58.1) 309 6.4 (5.7, 7.2)
  Main island groupsb 1688 (21.1) 246 14.8 (13.1, 16.7)
 Social capital (low) 1467 (20.8) 134 9.1 (7.8, 10.7)
Health variables
 Self-rated health (Unhealthy) 2849 (32.9) 335 9.9 (8.8, 11.2)
 Body mass index
  Normal 2856 (39.0) 258 7.4 (6.4, 8.4)
  Underweight 1063 (14.1) 145 11.7 (9.7, 13.9)
  Overweight 1177 (15.8) 85 5.6 (4.4, 7.0)
  Obese 2355 (31.1) 98 3.8 (3.0, 4.7)
 Functional disability 2639 (31.3) 490 12.6 (11.3, 14.0)
 Tobacco use
  Never 4663 (56.9) 371 6.6 (5,9, 7.4)
  Quit 832 (9.8) 103 11.5 (9.3, 14.0)
  Current 2499 (33.3) 211 7.1 (6.1, 8.2)
 Diabetes 505 (6.3) 31 5.3 (3.6, 7.7)
 Arthritis 1037 (11.8) 108 8.1 (6.6, 10.0)
 Asthma 284 (3.4) 34 10.1 (7.0, 14.3)
 Depression symptoms 1166 (17.0) 74 6.3 (5.1, 7.9)
 Fruit (< 3 days/week) and vegetable consumption (<daily/week) 2119 (33.5) 141 6.7 (5.7, 7.8)
 Hypertension 4391 (58.5) 417 9.5 (8.7, 10.4)
 Heart attack, coronary heart disease, angina, or other heart problems 299 (3.6) 29 9.1 (6.1, 13.4)
 Stroke 243 (2.9) 31 13.2 (9.0, 18.9)
  1. aThe analysis was adjusted considering the survey design of the study
  2. bMajor Island groups: Bali, West Nusa Tenggara, South Kalimantan, and South Sulawesi