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Table 2 Associations with edentulism estimated by Poisson regression

From: The prevalence of edentulism and their related factors in Indonesia, 2014/15

  All Men Women
Variable Adjusted Prevalence Ratioa (95% CI) Adjusted Prevalence Ratioa (95% CI) Adjusted Prevalence Ratioa (95% CI)
Sociodemographics
 Age in years
  50–59 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
  60–69 2.21 (1.68, 2.91)*** 2.38 (1.55, 3.68)*** 2.13 (1.52, 3.00)***
  70–79 4.89 (3.65, 6.56)*** 4.92 (3.10, 7.79)*** 5.05 (3.52, 7.25)***
  80 or more 5.94 (3.76, 9.39)*** 7.91 (4.27, 14.64)*** 4.33 (2.08, 9.01)***
 Sex
  Female 1 (Reference)
  Male 0.83 (0.63, 1.10)   
 Education
  None 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
  Elementary 1.20 (0.88, 1.64) 1.00 (0.58, 1.72) 1.28 (0.86, 1.78)
  High school/Higher education 0.88 (0.59, 1.30) 0.86 (0.46, 1.63) 0.79 (0.48, 1.32)
 Subjective economic background
  Poor 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
  Medium 1.12 (0.88, 1.43) 1.12 (0.79, 1.59) 1.15 (0.83, 1.59)
  Rich 1.27 (0.95, 1.69) 1.40 (0.91, 2.16) 1.19 (0.82, 1.73)
 Urban residence (base = rural) 1.10 (0.88, 1.38) 0.98 (0.70, 1.35) 1.28 (0.94, 1.73)
 Region
  Sumatra 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
  Java 0.77 (0.59, 1.00) 1.14 (0.74, 1.75) 0.56 (0.40, 0.79)***
  Main island groups 2.08 (1.59, 2.71)*** 2.75 (1.79, 4.21)*** 1.74 (1.24, 2.45)***
 Social capital (low) 1.16 (0.92, 1.47) 1.00 (0.68, 1.47) 1.32 (1.00, 1.79)*
Health variables
 Self-rated health (Unhealthy) 1.07 (0.86, 1.36) 1.17 (0.83, 1.65) 0.97 (0.73, 1.29)
 Body mass index (Underweight) 1.23 (0.93, 1.62) 1.26 (0.85, 1.86) 1.18 (0.80, 1.75)
 Functional disability 1.34 (1.08, 1.66)** 1.22 (0.89, 1.68) 1.40 (1.05, 1.87)*
 Tobacco use
  Never 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
  Quit 1.25 (0.86, 1.82) 1.95 (1.12, 3.39)* 0.73 (0.27, 1.92)
  Current 1.17 (0.87, 1.56) 1.64 (1.01, 2.69)* 0.89 (0.51, 1.55)
 Diabetes 0.56 (0.31, 1.01) 0.30 (0.09, 1.02) 0.78 (0.40, 1.52)
 Arthritis 0.93 (0.69, 1.24) 0.80 (0.47, 1.38) 0.97 (0.69, 1.38)
 Asthma 0.89 (0.52, 1.51) 0.45 (0.16, 1.29) 1.26 (0.69, 2.31)
 Depression symptoms 0.73 (0.45, 1.16) 0.69 (0.34, 1.39) 0.74 (0.40, 1.39)
  1. CI confidence interval; ***P < 0.001; **P < 0.01; *P < 0.05
  2. aPearson goodness-of-fit test > 0.9 for all models