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Table 1 Characteristics of the surveys and samples, 2004–2012

From: Macroeconomic changes and trends in dental care utilization in Estonia and Lithuania in 2004–2012: a repeated cross-sectional study

  Estonia Lithuania
n (response rate, %) n (response rate, %)
Study year
 2004 2781 (63) 1807 (62)
 2006 2585 (59) 1739 (59)
 2008 2758 (62) 1731 (61)
 2010 2842 (62) 1972 (54)
 2012 2784 (62) 1785 (52)
Characteristics of the samples (%)a
  (n = 13,750) (n = 9034)
Gender
 Men 41 (43, 42, 42) 41 (43, 42, 40)
 Women 59 (57, 58, 58) 59 (57, 58, 60)
Age
 20–34 33 (33, 33, 30) 30 (31, 29, 27)
 35–49 33 (33, 34, 32) 37 (38, 39, 37)
 50–64 35 (33, 33, 37) 33 (31, 32, 36)
Ethnicity
 Main 70 (68, 69, 72) 87 (86, 87, 87)
 Other 31 (32, 31, 28) 13 (14, 12, 13)
 Missing   0 (0, 0, 0)   1 (1, 1, 0)
Education
 High 25 (19, 26, 29) 26 (24, 29, 27)
 Mid 62 (65, 62, 60) 64 (63, 64, 65)
 Low 13 (15, 12, 11) 10 (13, 7, 8)
 Missing   0 (1, 1, 0)   0 (0, 0, 1)
Economic activity
 Employed 72 (72, 77, 70) 75 (72, 80, 74)
 Non-employed 27 (27, 23, 28) 24 (27, 19, 25)
 Missing   1 (1, 1, 2)   1 (1, 1, 2)
Dental visits
 Yes 49 (46, 53, 49) 64 (62, 68, 65)
 No 51 (54, 47, 51) 36 (38, 32, 35)
Toothache
 Yes 15 (17, 13, 14) 13 (13, 12, 14)
 No 84 (82, 85, 84) 87 (87, 88, 87)
 Missing   2 (1, 2, 2)   0 (0, 0, 0)
Missing teeth
 No 22 (18, 25, 23) 19 (16, 21, 20)
 1–5 47 (48, 48, 47) 48 (48, 47, 47)
  > 6 30 (33, 27, 30) 32 (34, 29, 32)
 Missing   1 (1, 1, 0)   2 (2, 3, 1)
  1. aAverage proportion for 2004–2012 and point estimates for 2004, 2008 and 2012