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Table 3 Association of study years and socioeconomic variables with dental visits, 2004–2012. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)

From: Macroeconomic changes and trends in dental care utilization in Estonia and Lithuania in 2004–2012: a repeated cross-sectional study

  Estonia Lithuania
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Year
 2004 0.77 (0.69–0.86) 0.81 (0.73–0.91) 0.80 (0.72–0.90) 0.77 (0.67–0.89) 0.83 (0.72–0.96) 0.83 (0.72–0.96)
 2006 0.94 (0.84–1.05) 0.96 (0.86–1.07) 0.96 (0.86–1.08) 0.84 (0.73–0.98) 0.89 (0.77–1.04) 0.90 (0.77–1.04)
 2008 1 1 1 1 1 1
 2010 0.85 (0.76–0.94) 0.85 (0.76–0.94) 0.84 (0.75–0.93) 0.82 (0.71–0.94) 0.85 (0.74–0.99) 0.85 (0.74–0.99)
 2012 0.87 (0.78–0.98) 0.86 (0.77–0.96) 0.85 (0.76–0.95) 0.92 (0.80–1.07) 0.95 (0.82–1.10) 0.94 (0.81–1.09)
Gender
 Men 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Women 1.96 (1.83–3.10) 1.83 (1.70–1.97) 1.86 (1.73–2.00) 2.17 (1.99–2.38) 2.10 (1.92–2.31) 2.17 (1.97–2.38)
Age
 20–34 1 1 1 1 1 1
 35–49 1.00 (0.92–1.09) 0.93 (0.85–1.02) 1.02 (0.92–1.12) 0.94 (0.84–1.05) 0.87 (0.77–0.97) 0.93 (0.82–1.06)
 50–64 0.73 (0.67–0.79) 0.75 (0.69–0.82) 0.94 (0.85–1.05) 0.70 (0.63–0.79) 0.72 (0.64–0.81) 0.86 (0.75–0.99)
Ethnicity
 Main 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Other 0.88 (0.82–0.95) 0.88 (0.81–0.95) 0.85 (0.79–0.92) 0.94 (0.82–1.08) 0.96 (0.84–1.10) 0.95 (0.83–1.09)
Education
 High   1 1   1 1
 Mid   0.59 (0.54–0.64) 0.60 (0.55–0.65)   0.61 (0.54–0.68) 0.62 (0.55–0.69)
 Low   0.33 (0.29–0.37) 0.32 (0.28–0.37)   0.40 (0.34–0.47) 0.40 (0.34–0.48)
Economic activity
 Employed   1 1   1 1
 Non-employed   0.84 (0.78–0.91) 0.86 (0.79–0.93)   0.74 (0.67–0.83) 0.75 (0.67–0.84)
Toothache
 Yes    1    1
 No    0.51 (0.46–0.57)    0.53 (0.46–0.62)
Missing teeth
 No    1    1
 1–5    1.16 (1.05–1.28)    1.15 (0.99–1.32)
  > 6    0.71 (0.62–0.80)    0.76 (0.65–0.90)
  1. Model 1 – Adjusted for age, gender and ethnicity
  2. Model 2 – Adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, education and economic activity
  3. Model 3 – Adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, education, economic activity, toothache in the past 12 months and number of missing teeth