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Table 2 Gender of patients compared to dental anxiety categories (DAS) and psychological distress (BSI-18)

From: Psychological distress and anxiety compared amongst dental patients- results of a cross-sectional study in 1549 adults

  Sex  
Dental anxiety Total sample (N, %) Male (N, %) Female (N, %) Chi2-test
Low anxiety 1084 (70) 510 (75) 574 (67) χ2 (2, N = 1544) = 14.97, p = 0.001, v = 0.98
Moderate anxiety 384 (25) 153 (22) 231 (27)
High anxiety 76 (5) 21 (3) 55 (6)
Psychological distress Total sample (M, SD) Male (M, SD) Female (M, SD) t-test
Somatization 1.94 (2.90) 1.73 (2.69) 2.10 (3.04) t(1418) = −2.47, p = 0.014, d = −0.131
Depression 1.88 (3.35) 1.68 (3.47) 2.03 (3.24) t(1437) = −1.94, p = 0.052, d = − 0.102
Anxiety 2.78 (3.53) 2.29 (3.07) 3.19 (3.80) t(1438) = −4.96, p < 0.0001, d = − 0.262
GSI 6.59 (8.21) 5.69 (7.97) 7.31 (8.29) t(1384) = −3.76, p < 0.0001, d = − 0.202