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Table 1 Study Participant Demographics

From: What really happens in the home: a comparison of parent-reported and observed tooth brushing behaviors for young children

  Total Sample
N = 45
Pediatric Dental Clinic Families
N = 25
Medical Clinic and WIC Families
N = 20
Parent female (%) 43 (95.6) 25 (100.0) 18 (90.0)
Parent age in years, mean (SD) 31.2 (6.1) 32.8 (4.6) 29.3 (7.2)
Child female (%) 31 (68.9) 18 (72.0) 13 (65.0)
Child age in months, mean (SD) 21.1 (6.3) 21.5 (6.1) 20.7 (6.8)
Parent race (%)
 White 5 (11.1) 3 (12.0) 2 (10.0)
 Black 7 (15.5) 1 (4.0) 6 (30.0)
 Other 33 (73.3) 21 (84.0) 12 (60.0)
Parent Hispanic (%) 34 (75.5) 21 (84.0) 13 (65.0)
Mexican 27 (79.4) 17 (81.0) 10 (76.9)
Other Hispanic 6 (17.6) 4 (19.0) 2 (15.4)
Parent education (%)
 Less than high school 11 (24.4) 7 (28.0) 4 (20.0)
 High school/GED 19 (42.2) 11 (44.0) 8 (40.0)
 Some college 6 (13.3) 1 (4.0) 5 (25.0)
 College degree or higher 9 (20.0) 6 (24.0) 3 (15.0)
Child medical insurance type (%)
 Public 26 (57.8) 13 (52.0) 13 (65.0)
 Private 1 (2.2) 1 (4.0) 0 (0.0)
 Not sure public or private* 18 (40.0) 11 (44.0) 7 (35.0)
Does child’s medical insurance cover dental? (%)
 Yes 40 (88.9) 23 (92.0) 17 (85.0)
 No 3 (6.6) 2 (8.0) 1 (5.0)
 Don’t know 2 (4.4) 0 (0.0) 2 (10.0)
Parent medical insurance (%)
 Public 14 (31.1) 7 (28.0) 7 (35.0)
 Private 4 (8.9) 2 (8.0) 2 (10.0)
 Not sure public or private 5 (11.1) 1 (4.0) 4 (20.0)
 No insurance 22 (48.8) 15 (60.0) 7 (35.0)
Does parent health insurance cover dental? (%)**
 Yes 17 (40.5) 6 (27.3) 11 (55.0)
 No 22 (52.4) 14 (63.6) 8 (40.0)
 Don’t know 3 (7.1) 2 (9.1) 1 (5.0)
  1. *Recent changes to Medicaid managed care confused many parents about the type of insurance. The sites these families were recruited from serve mainly families on Medicaid
  2. **N = 42 in Total Sample; N = 22 in Clinic Families