Skip to main content

Table 3 Self-Reported and Observed Child Brushing Behaviors

From: What really happens in the home: a comparison of parent-reported and observed tooth brushing behaviors for young children

  Parent REPORTED
N = 45 (%)
OBSERVED
N = 45 (%)
OBSERVED
Pediatric Dental Clinic Families
N = 25 (%)
Medical Clinic and WIC Families
N = 20 (%)
Parent or adult helps child brush teeth1   44 (100.0) 25 (100.0) 19 (100.0)
 Yes, sometimes 7 (16.3)    
 Yes, most of the time 5 (11.6)    
 Yes, always 31 (72.0)    
How long are child’s teeth brushed for2
 Does/did not brush 2 (4.4) 3 (7.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (15.0)
 30 s or less 7 (15.6) 6 (14.0) 3 (13.0) 3 (15.0)
  > 30 s to 1 min 8 (17.8) 15 (34.9) 7 (30.4) 8 (40.0)
  > 1 min to 2 min 18 (40.0) 18 (41.9) 12 (52.2) 6 (30.0)
  > 2 min 10 (22.2) 1 (2.3) 1 (4.3) 0 (0.0)
Child uses toothpaste 41 (91.1) 41 (91.1) 24 (96.0) 17 (85.0)
Does toothpaste have fluoride? 3
 Yes 16 (39.0) 30 (71.4) 21 (84.0) 9 (52.9)
 No 10 (24.4) 12 (28.6) 4 (16.0) 8 (47.1)
 Don’t know 15 (36.6)    
How much toothpaste does child use? 4
 Full load 0 (0.0) 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.9)
 Half load 2 (4.9) 2 (4.8) 2 (8.3) 0 (0.0)
 Pea 11 (26.8) 8 (19.5) 4 (16.7) 4 (23.5)
 Smear 28 (68.3) 25 (61.0) 15 (62.5) 10 (58.8)
  1. 1: N = 43 in Parent Reported; N = 44 in Observed; N = 19 in Medical Clinic Observed
  2. 2: N = 43 in Observed; N = 23 in Dental Clinic Observed
  3. 3: N = 41 in Parent Reported; N = 42 in Observed; N = 17 in Medical Clinic Observed. Note that one parent reported the child did not use toothpaste but then used toothpaste when brushing
  4. 4: N = 41 in Parent Reported; N = 41 in Observed; N = 24 in Dental Clinic Observed; N = 17 in Medical Clinic Observed. Note that one parent reported the child did not use toothpaste but then used toothpaste when brushing. Another child began brushing before the quantity of toothpaste could be observed