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Table 4 Characteristics of Observed Brushing Areas and Behaviors

From: What really happens in the home: a comparison of parent-reported and observed tooth brushing behaviors for young children

  OBSERVATIONS
N = 45 (%)
Brushing Behaviors
Brushing occurred in bathroom 37 (82.2)
Brushing occurred with child standing1 27 (61.4)
Child spit after brushing2 20 (50.0)
Child rinsed after brushing with water2 25 (62.5)
Child rinsed with mouthwash1 1 (2.2)
Child used floss 2 (4.4)
How much of teeth brushed?
 None 6 (13.3)
 Anterior 33 (75.0)
 Posterior 17 (37.8)
 Outside portions 19 (42.2)
 Inside portions 15 (33.3)
 Could not properly see to assess 5 (11.1)
Brushing Equipment
Rinsing cup present 14 (31.1)
Child has own toothbrush (not shared) 45 (100.0)
Type of child toothbrush
 Child sized 43 (95.6)
 Adult 1 (2.2)
 Electronic 1 (2.2)
Toothbrush condition
 Looks new 27 (60.0)
 Bristles in good shape 10 (22.2)
 Bristles bending/starting to wear 7 (15.6)
 Unable to assess – brush capped 1 (2.2)
Type of toothpaste1
 None 2 (4.5)
 Infant/Child without fluoride 12 (27.3)
 Infant/Child with fluoride 24 (54.6)
 Adult with fluoride 6 (13.6)
Brushing Environment
Number of toothbrushes visible, mean (SD)2 3.3 (2.9)
Where toothbrushes stored
 In tooth brush holder 12 (26.7)
 On sink or counter 15 (33.3)
 Laying in cabinet or on shelf 9 (20.0)
 Bedroom 1 (2.2)
 Could not tell 8 (17.8)
Number of tubes of toothpaste visible, mean (SD)3 1.5 (1.2)
Level of clutter at sink
 No clutter 17 (37.8)
 Some clutter 22 (48.9)
 Not observable because not in bathroom 6 (13.3)
Level of cleanliness of tooth brushing area
 Very clean (spotless) 26 (57.8)
 Moderately clean 9 (20.0)
 Dirty 5 (11.1)
 Not observable because not in bathroom 5 (11.1)
  1. 1: N = 44. 2: N = 40. 3: N = 41