Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Adapted from Smack et al. [3]

From: Juxta-articular tumoral calcinosis associated with the temporomandibular joint: a case report and concise review

Classification Main demographic Familial patterns Common Sites Serum Electrolyte Level Clinical Presentation
Primary Normophosphatemic TC - Onset before 2nd decade (63%)
- Mostly involve patients in tropical or subtropical regions
- No sexual predilection
- Nil familial pattern - Hip (31%)
- Elbow (24%)
- Knee (16%)
- Normal serum phosphate
- Normal serum calcium
- Solitary calcification predominates (66%)
- History of trauma
- Milky fluid of calcification on incision are common
Primary Hyperphosphatemic TC - Onset before 2nd decade (82%)
- No sexual predilection
- Higher frequency in blacks and men
- Strong familial pattern
- Most patients are siblings (74%)
- Hip (37%)
- Elbow (27%)
- Shoulder (23%)
- Elevated serum phosphate
- Elevated serum calcium
- Multiple calcifications predominate (74%)
- Milky fluid of calcification on incision in all cases reviewed
Secondary TC - Onset before 2nd decade (51%)
- Higher frequency in whites and women
- Chronic renal failure is the most common identifiable condition
- Some familial pattern - Hip (29%)
- Elbow (24%)
- Shoulder (17%)
- Elevated serum calcium - Multiple calcifications predominate (80%)
- Milky fluid of calcification on incision in all cases reviewed