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Table 2 The mean, standard deviation (SD) values and results of repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey’s tests for percentage of increase in root length of different groups, subgroups and subdivisions

From: Evaluation of antibacterial activity of propolis on regenerative potential of necrotic immature permanent teeth in dogs

Time Intra-canal propolis paste Intra-canal TAP paste Positive control Negative control P-value
Propolis plug MTA plug Propolis plug MTA plug
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
2 W 4.9 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.4 5.1 ± 1 5.3 ± 1.3 0.00 ± 0.00 5.7 ± 1.3 .061
1 M 13.9 Aa ± 1.8 14.6 Aa ± 1.5 14 Aa ± 1.6 14Aa ± 1.6 0.00Bb ± 0.00 14.8Aa ± 1.8 <.001*
2 M 16.3Bb ± 1.3 17.1 Bb ± 1.6 16.5Bb ± 1.4 16.9 Bb ± 2.3 0.00Cc ± 0.00 17.7Aa ± 1.5 <.001*
P-value <.001* <.001* <.001* <.001* Not computed <.001*
  1. *: Significant at P ≤ .05, Different small superscripts in the same row are statistically significantly different. Different capital superscripts in the same column are statistically significantly different. TAP: Triple antibiotic paste, MTA: Mineral trioxide aggregates