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Table 2 Prevalence and Univariate analysis of risk factors for dental caries in HIV infected adults attending an HIV care clinic in Uganda

From: Prevalence and factors associated with dental caries in patients attending an HIV care clinic in Uganda: a cross sectional study

Characteristic Had dental caries N (row %) Unadjusted Prevalence Ratio (95% CI) P-value
  Yes No   
Overall 626 (83.7) 122 (16.3)   
Sex
 Male 201 (78.2) 56 (21.8) 1.00  
 Female 425 (86.6) 66 (13.4) 1.26 (1.09,1.49) < 0.05
Age in years
 18–24 34 (85.0) 6 (15) 1.00  
 25–35 203 (83.9) 39 (16.1) 1.27 (0.89,1.81) 0.18
 36–45 247 (81.0) 58 (19.0) 1.32 (0.93,1.87) 0.12
 46–55 112 (86.8) 17 (13.2) 1.49 (1.03,2.16) < 0.05
 56+ 30 (93.8) 2 (6.2) 1.90 (1.18,3.06) < 0.05
Residence
 Urban 169 (82.8) 35 (17.2) 1.00  
 Periurban 245 (83.3) 49 (16.7) 1.14 (0.94,1.37) 0.17
 Rural 212 (84.8) 38 (15.2) 1.26 (1.04,1.52) < 0.05
Education Level
 No formal education 44 (83.0) 9 (17.0) 1.00  
 Primary 409 (83.0) 84 (17.0) 1.06 (0.79,1.42) 0.69
 Secondary 126 (84.6) 23 (15.4) 0.97 (0.69,1.34) 0.85
 Tertiary 47 (88.7) 7 (11.3) 1.12 (0.75,1.65) 0.59
Years on ART
 Less than 6 months 149 (85.6) 25 (14.4) 1.00  
 More than 6 months but less than 2 years 56 (84.9) 10 (15.1) 0.94 (0.69,1.27) 0.69
 More than 2 years but less than 5 years 86 (81.1) 20 (18.9) 1.17 (0.92,1.51) 0.20
 More than 5 years 335 (83.3) 67 (16.7) 1.33 (1.11,1.60) < 0.05
Tooth brushing habit
 Seldom 10 (76.9) 3 (23.1) 1.00  
 Once a day 179 (78.8) 48 (22.2) 0.75 (0.42,1.32) 0.32
 Twice or more 435 (86.0) 71 (14.0) 0.87 (0.49,1.53) 0.63
What is used to clean teeth
 Toothbrush 605 (83.7) 118 (16.3) 1.00  
 Others (toothpicks, floss, charcoal) 20 (83.3) 4 (16.7) 1.25 (0.83,1.89) 0.29
Toothpaste use
 Toothpaste 557 (83.3) 112 (16.7) 1.00  
 Other 68 (87.2) 10 (12.8) 1.15 (0.91,1.43) 0.23
Dry mouth experience (self-reported)
 No 600 (83.4) 119 (16.6) 1.00  
 Yes 23 (86.5) 3 (11.5) 1.35 (0.91,2.01) 0.14
Ever visited a dentist
 Yes 509 (98.3) 9 (1.7) 1.00  
 No 116 (50.7) 113 (49.3) 0.28 (0.78,1.08) < 0.05
Sugar Intake (Honey, Biscuits, Soda)
 Less 442 (82.3) 95 (17.7) 1.00  
 More (Several times a week and more) 184 (87.2) 27 (12.8) 0.92 (0.78,1.08) 0.30