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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics, clinical assessments, and caregiver behavior of interest [acceptance of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment for pediatric patients]

From: A survey of caregiver acculturation and acceptance of silver diamine fluoride treatment for childhood caries

Characteristics, Assessments, and Behavior Overall (n = 546) Patients < 6 years (n = 410) Patients ≥6 years (n = 136) P Value
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Gender of caregiver     0.628
  Male 117 (21.4) 90 (22.0) 27 (19.9)  
  Female 397 (72.7) 295 (72.0) 102 (75.0)
  Missing 32 (5.9) 25 (6.1) 7 (5.1)
 Age of caregiver (in years) (n = 508) 33.5 ± 9.0 32.5 ± 8.7 36.6 ± 9.0 < 0.001
 Relationship of caregiver to pediatric patient     0.100
  Parent 509 (93.2) 384 (93.7) 125 (91.9)  
  Legal guardian 22 (4.0) 18 (4.4) 4 (2.9)
  Relative (not guardian) 13 (2.4) 6 (1.5) 7 (5.1)
  Other caretaker 2 (0.4) 2 (0.5) 0 (0.0)
 Caregiver of Hispanic or Latino/a ethnicity?     0.053
  No 279 (51.1) 197 (48.0) 82 (60.3)  
  Yes, Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano/a 160 (29.3) 129 (31.5) 31 (22.8)
  Yes, Puerto Rican 35 (6.4) 25 (6.1) 10 (7.4)
  Yes, Cuban, other Hispanic, Latino/a origin 58 (10.6) 48 (11.7) 10 (7.4)
  Missing 14 (2.6) 11 (2.7) 3 (2.2)
 Race of caregiver     0.045
  White 231 (42.3) 180 (43.9) 51 (37.5)  
  Black or African American 64 (11.7) 53 (12.9) 11 (8.1)
  American Indian or Alaska Native 11 (2.0) 11 (2.7) 0 (0.0)
  Asian Indian 4 (0.7) 2 (0.5) 2 (1.5)
  Chinese 5 (0.9) 3 (0.7) 2 (1.5)
  Filipino 47 (8.6) 26 (6.3) 21 (15.4)
  Japanese 3 (0.5) 2 (0.5) 1 (0.7)
  Other Asian 9 (1.6) 8 (2.0) 1 (0.7)
  Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 25 (4.6) 14 (3.4) 11 (8.1)
  Chuukese 23 (4.2) 17 (4.1) 6 (4.4)
  Missing 124 (22.7) 94 (22.9) 30 (22.1)
 Education of caregiver     0.352
  Less than high school 71 (13.0) 57 (13.9) 14 (10.3)  
  High school graduate 230 (42.1) 174 (42.4) 56 (41.2)
  Some college or more 209 (38.3) 150 (36.6) 59 (43.4)
  Missing 36 (6.6) 29 (7.1) 7 (5.1)
 Pediatric patient’s insurance     0.459
  Private 20 (3.7) 14 (3.4) 6 (4.4)  
  Medicaid (CHIP) 512 (93.8) 387 (94.4) 125 (91.9)
  No insurance 8 (1.5) 6 (1.5) 2 (1.5)
  Other 6 (1.1) 3 (0.7) 3 (2.2)
Clinical assessments of pediatric patients by dentists
 Decayed, missing, filled teeth total score (dmft / DMFT) (n = 512) 7.7 ± 6.2 7.7 ± 6.5 7.8 ± 5.5 0.116
 Operating room (OR) treatment needed     < 0.001
  Yes 122 (22.3) 107 (26.1) 15 (11.0)  
  No 422 (77.3) 301 (73.4) 121 (89.0)
  Missing 2 (0.4) 2 (0.5) 0 (0.0)
Caregiver health behavior of interest
 Caregiver acceptance of SDF treatment for pediatric patient     < 0.001
  Yes 434 (79.5) 344 (83.9) 90 (66.2)  
  No 112 (20.5) 66 (16.1) 46 (33.8)
  1. Continuous variables are presented as mean ± standard deviation. Categorical variables are presented as n (%)
  2. CHIP Children’s Health Insurance Program
  3. P Values correspond to the testing of differences by age group of pediatric patients using the non-parametric Wilcox rank-sum test for continuous variables (which is robust to outliers and non-normal distributions) and the Fisher exact test for categorical variables, with missing values excluded