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Table 3 Covariates of interest and unadjusted associations of caregiver acceptance of silver diamine fluoride treatment (n = 495)

From: A survey of caregiver acculturation and acceptance of silver diamine fluoride treatment for childhood caries

Covariates of Interest OR 95% CI P Value
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age group of pediatric patient
  < 6 years
  6 to < 9 years 0.31 0.18 0.53 < 0.001
  9+ years 0.63 0.31 1.37 0.218
 Gender of caregiver
  Male
  Female 0.60 0.33 1.04 0.077
 Age of caregiver (in years), continuous 1.02 0.99 1.04 0.236
 Education of caregiver
  Less than high school
  High school graduate 0.43 0.19 0.89 0.031
  Some college or more 0.60 0.26 1.26 0.199
 Ethnicity of caregiver
  Non-Hispanic
  Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano/a 2.43 1.39 4.45 0.003
  Puerto Rican 0.40 0.19 0.84 0.014
  Cuban, other Hispanic, Latino/a origin 1.01 0.48 2.27 0.980
Clinical assessments of child patients by dentists
 Decayed, missing, filled teeth total score (dmft or DMFT), continuous 1.06 1.02 1.12 0.007
 Operating room (OR) treatment needed
  No
  Yes 2.24 1.26 4.28 0.009
Acculturation characteristics of caregivers
 Caregiver born in the United States
  No
  Yes 1.26 0.82 1.94 0.284
 Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics (SASH) score, continuous 0.91 0.78 1.06 0.236
Perceived benefits and barriers of caregivers
 Likelihood of choosing silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment
  Very / somewhat unlikely
  Not sure 0.96 0.53 1.74 0.884
  Somewhat / very likely 4.88 2.84 8.42 < 0.001
 Concern regarding dark mark of SDF treatment
  Not concerned
  Moderately / slightly concerned 0.40 0.20 0.77 0.009
  Extremely / very concerned 0.14 0.07 0.27 < 0.001
 Comfort regarding SDF treatment
  Very / somewhat uncomfortable
  Neutral 2.44 1.41 4.26 0.001
  Somewhat / very comfortable 11.8 6.40 22.5 < 0.001
Perceived health-related knowledge of caregivers
 Understanding of SDF treatment
  Knows nothing / not enough / not sure
  Knows something 2.96 1.80 4.92 < 0.001
  Knows a lot 2.91 1.66 5.23 < 0.001
  1. For categorical variables, ORs are presented where the 1st level is the reference category
  2. For continuous variables (labeled as such), ORs are presented for a 1-unit increase
  3. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval