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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratio with 95% CI of denture service utilization over the past 5 years (N = 38,695)

From: Predisposing and enabling factors associated with public denture service utilization among older Thai people: a cross-sectional population-based study

Variables Denture service utilization
aOR (95% CI)
Predisposing variables
 Age (years):
  60–69 1 (Ref)
  70–79 1.71 (1.61, 1.81)***
  80+ 1.96 (1.80, 2.13)***
 Sex:
  Male 1 (Ref)
  Female 1.26 (1.19, 1.33)***
 Educational level:
  Uneducated 1 (Ref)
  Primary or less 1.13 (1.04, 1.23)**
  Secondary or Vocational 1.44 (1.28, 1.63)***
  At least tertiary 1.26 (1.08, 1.48)**
 Asset index of household possession:
  1st quartile 1 (Ref)
  2nd quartile 1.21 (1.13, 1.30)***
  3rd quartile 1.61 (1.50, 1.73)***
  4th quartile 2.24 (2.08, 2.40)***
 Dependency level (Seattle Care Pathway):
  No dependency 1 (Ref)
  Pre−/Low dependency 1.26 (1.18, 1.34)***
  Moderate dependency 0.98 (0.87, 1.27)
  High dependency 0.72 (0.64, 0.82)***
Enabling variables
 Working status:
  Economically inactive 1 (Ref)
  Economically active:  
  Working in agricultural and related sectors 0.70 (0.61, 0.79)***
  Working in non-agricultural sectors 0.99 (0.88, 1.10)
 Health behaviors:
  Health-promoting behavior (Annual health check-up):
   No 1 (Ref)
   Yes 1.44 (1.23, 1.72)***
  Health-compromising behavior:
   Alcohol drinking and Smoking:
    Neither 1 (Ref)
    Either/Both 0.84 (0.79, 0.91)***
 Healthcare utilization experience:
  Public service utilization (vaccination):  
   No 1 (Ref)
   Yes 1.17 (1.10, 1.24)***
  Utilization of healthcare service for recent illness:
   No illness 1 (Ref)
   Illness: Insurance use 1.16 (1.09, 1.23)***
    Non-insurance use due to minor illness 0.80 (0.59, 1.08)
    Non-insurance use due to other reasons 1.49 (1.25, 1.77)***
  Treatment by health personnel for recent falling accident:
   No falling 1 (Ref)
   Falling: Receive treatment 1.13 (0.98, 1.31)
    No treatment due to minor accident 1.23 (1.11, 1.36)***
    No treatment but take care themselves 1.19 (1.02, 1.38)*
  Social/community support:  
   Visited by village health volunteer:  
    No 1 (Ref)
    Yes 0.78 (0.74, 0.83)***
   Information awareness:  
    No 1 (Ref)
    Yes (at least one source) 0.99 (0.92, 1.07)
   Participating the community club for older adults:
    No 1 (Ref)
    Yes 0.95 (0.89, 0.99)*
  1. aOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05 significant association after multivariable logistic regression