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Table 2 Mean (Standard Error around the mean), and median (Interquartile range) for the summary OHIP score according to categories of exposures; distribution of exposures according to the tertiles of quality of life score, among all participants (weighted N = 1821)

From: Association between gingival parameters and Oral health–related quality of life in Caribbean adults: a population-based cross-sectional study

  WtN Mean (SE) Median (Q1-Q3) Tertile 1
WtN(%)
Tertile 2
WtN(%)
Tertile 3
WtN(%)
Among all 1821 7.20 (0.20) 4.00 (1.13–9.54) 652 (100%) 533 (100%) 636 (100%)
Age group
 18–19 years 93 6.58 (0.64) 3.95 (1.45–9.34) 28 (4.25%) 34 (6.45%) 31 (4.86%)
 20–29 years 449 6.83 (0.36) 3.63 (0.87–8.95) 175 (26.81%) 129 (24.15%) 146 (22.92%)
 30–39 years 429 6.94 (0.49) 3.97 (1.13–9.03) 160 (24.55%) 126 (23.62%) 143 (22.47%)
 40–49 years 337 7.63 (0.51) 5.04 (1.37–10.02) 110 (16.81%) 103 (19.26%) 125 (19.62%)
 50 years or older 513 7.55 (0.26) 4.30 (1.09–10.05) 180 (27.58%) 141 (26.52%) 192 (30.13%)
Gender
 Male 837 6.29 (0.29) 3.51 (0.82–8.04) 333 (51.08%) 249 (46.79%) 254 (40.00%)
 Female 984 7.96 (0.28) 5.14 (1.32–11.19) 319 (48.92%) 284 (53.21%) 381 (60.00%)
Level of education
 None/basic 265 8.89 (0.47) 0.43 (1.48–12.56) 79 (12.11%) 70 (13.09%) 116 (18.30%)
 Middle/technical 996 7.25 (0.22) 3.98 (1.20–9.73) 348 (53.38%) 296 (55.56%) 351 (55.28%)
 University 557 6.31 (0.32) 3.61 (0.81–7.89) 229 (34.19%) 167 (31.34%) 167 (26.27%)
 Missing 3 2.57 (2.62) 2 (0.31%) 0 1 (0.16%)
Smoking
 Current 361 8.79 (0.44) 5.63 (1.78–11.85) 99 (15.19%) 100 (18.70%) 163 (25.59%)
 Past 283 6.71 (0.54) 3.79 (0.86–9.19) 108 (16.51%) 83 (15.58%) 92 (14.47%)
 Never 1174 6.84 (0.24) 3.83 (1.01–8.90) 442 (67.84%) 350 (65.73%) 381 (59.94%)
 Missing 3 1.38 (0.64) 3 (0.46%) 0 0
Any diseases/conditions
 Yes 686 8.03 (0.35) 5.01 (1.24–11.14) 231 (35.42%) 184 (34.52%) 271 (42.62%)
 No 1135 6.69 (0.28) 3.79 (1.07–8.81)    
Diabetes diagnosis
 Yes 137 9.17 (0.72) 5.30 (1.58–11.46) 43 (6.58%) 37 (6.92%) 57 (9.01%)
 No 1683 7.03 (0.21) 3.93 (1.08–9.43)    
Hypertension diagnosis
 Yes 365 7.61 (0.38) 4.81 (1.16–10.23) 122 (18.73%) 102 (19.22%) 141 (22.12%)
 No 1455 7.09 (0.23) 3.91 (1.12–9.33)    
Frequency of dental visits
  ≥ Once per year 600 6.03 (0.46) 3.32 (0.39–7.78) 240 (36.88%) 191 (35.79%) 169 (26.56%)
 Never 60 7.45 (0.98) 2.85 (0–11.46) 27 (4.21%) 12 (2.27%) 21 (3.24%)
 Only when there is a problem 1080 7.82 (0.22) 5.15 (1.39–11.01) 351 (53.80%) 312 (58.55%) 416 (65.48%)
 Missing 81 7.30 (0.93) 3.55 (0.68–9.62) 33 (5.11%) 18 (3.38%) 30 (4.72%)
Frequency of tooth brushing
  ≥ Three times per day 472 7.52 (0.33) 4.11 (1.09–9.84) 170 (26.09%) 129 (24.27%) 172 (27.12%)
 Twice per day 1143 6.85 (0.28) 3.91 (1.14–9.07) 413 (63.42%) 357 (67.00%) 372 (58.54%)
 Once per day 188 8.13 (0.67) 5.22 (1.09–11.69) 64 (9.85%) 40 (7.46%) 85 (13.29%)
  < Once per day 12 9.19 (2.41) 6.02 (3.01–10.18) 2 (0.29%) 6 (1.09%) 4 (0.60%)
 Missing 6 14.54 (7.55) 4.03 (0–22.55) 2 (0.31%) 1 (0.19%) 3 (0.47%)
Use of dental floss
 Yes 735 6.30 (0.29) 3.64 (1.02–8.19) 282 (43.26%) 227 (42.63%) 226 (35.52%)
 No 1086 7.81 (0.22) 4.91 (1.22–10.70)    
Location
 Kingston 603 7.42 (0.18) 4.83 (1.37–9.86) 204 (31.33%) 175 (32.81%) 224 (35.17%)
 Santo Domingo 608 7.75 (0.27) 4.51 (1.17–11.25) 214 (32.78%) 168 (31.51%) 226 (35.58%)
 San Juan 610 6.43 (0.41) 3.58 (0.60–8.16) 234 (35.88%) 190 (35.68%) 186 (29.25%)
Mean gingival index, mean ± SE   1.41 ± 0.04 1.47 ± 0.05 1.58 ± 0.05
Mean interproximal gingival index, mean ± SE   1.44 ± 0.04 1.50 ± 0.05 1.60 ± 0.05
Gingival bleeding at ≥ 40% of the probing sites
 Yes 957 8.11 (0.26) 5.16 (1.34–11.30) 307 (47.12%) 269 (50.53%) 380 (59.79%)
 No 864 6.19 (0.30) 3.54 (0.84–7.94)    
Mean plaque index, mean ± SE   0.92 ± 0.02 0.93 ± 0.01 0.95 ± 0.01
Mean interproximal plaque index, mean ± SE   0.95 ± 0.02 0.96 ± 0.01 0.97 ± 0.01
Visible plaque index (plaque index ≥ 30%)
 Yes 1766 7.23 (0.21) 4.10 (1.14–9.60) 625 (95.90%) 519 (97.36%) 622 (97.90%)
 No 54 6.02 (1.06) 2.36 (0.90–6.93)    
Mean calculus index, mean ± SE   0.63 ± 0.03 0.66 ± 0.04 0.69 ± 0.04
Mean interproximal calculus index, mean ± SE   0.66 ± 0.03 0.70 ± 0.04 0.72 ± 0.03