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Table 1 General characteristics by unmet dental need

From: Long working hours are associated with unmet dental needs in south Korean male adults who have experienced dental pain

VariableN%Male (n = 4173)Female (n = 5355)
No unmet needUnmet need No unmet needUnmet need 
N%N%p-valueN%N%p-value
Total9528100.0252460.5164939.5 299555.9236044.1 
Working hours per week      < 0.001    0.030
 No work281629.651067.524532.5 120858.685341.4 
  < 40334635.184461.652738.4 108354.889245.2 
 41–48110011.536559.125340.9 25953.722346.3 
 49–60136614.351658.237141.8 25853.922146.1 
  > 609009.428953.325346.7 18752.217147.8 
Age      < 0.001    0.160
 20–29107611.324559.316840.7 35353.231046.8 
 30–39167817.637054.231345.8 53754.045846.0 
 40–49169217.844859.730340.3 53957.340242.7 
 50–59201921.252756.440743.6 59554.849045.2 
 60–65105811.131164.816935.2 33558.024342.0 
 65-200521.062368.328931.7 63658.245741.8 
Private insurance      0.404    0.184
 No255126.871161.544538.5 75954.463645.6 
 Yes697773.2181360.1120439.9 223656.5172443.5 
Health insurance type      < 0.001    < 0.001
 NHI (local)321533.784157.462342.6 92152.683047.4 
 NHI (employee’s)597162.7162962.796937.3 196658.3140741.7 
 Medical aid3423.65448.65751.4 10846.812353.2 
Household income      0.035    < 0.001
 Low181719.141858.030342.0 56451.553248.5 
 low - moderate247125.963459.942540.1 76454.164845.9 
 Moderate -High259927.369359.147940.9 81657.261142.8 
 High264127.777963.844236.2 85159.956940.1 
Region of residence      0.001    0.736
 Urban741777.8200561.8123938.2 233956.1183443.9 
 Rural211122.251955.941044.1 65655.552644.5 
Occupation type      0.065    0.308
 Office341735.991962.854437.2 110856.784643.3 
 Labor518154.4146459.1101540.9 151456.0118844.0 
 Service9309.814161.09039.0 37353.432646.6 
Self-assessment of dental health     < 0.001    < 0.001
 Good7167.529783.45916.6 28679.47420.6 
 Moderate307132.289071.934728.1 122666.860833.2 
 Bad574160.3133751.8124348.2 148346.9167853.1 
Reason for unmet dental needs* < 0.001    < 0.001
 No unmet need551957.92524100.000.0 2995100.000.0 
 Lack of ability to pay  00.059035.8 00.093139.4 
 Lack of ability to reach  00.054332.9 00.061743.2 
 Lack of ability to perceive  00.051631.3 00.081228.1 
Number of family members      0.018    0.063
 More than one865490.8236761.0151539.0 269056.4208243.6 
 Alone8749.215754.013446.0 30552.327847.7 
Level of education      0.020    0.644
 Middle school345736.375860.848839.2 122355.398844.7 
 High school304932.082957.860642.2 90255.971244.1 
  ≥ college302231.793762.855537.2 87056.966043.1 
Usage of dental care tools      < 0.001    < 0.001
 No536356.3148156.9112043.1 142351.5133948.5 
 Yes416543.7104366.352933.7 157260.6102139.4 
Number of times brushing teeth per day  0.004    0.069    
 0–1124013.041955.933144.1 25552.023548.0 
  ≥ 2828887.0210561.5131838.5 274056.3212543.7 
Dental checkup within last one year     < 0.001    < 0.001
 No654668.7159656.9120743.1 190050.8184349.2 
 Yes298231.392867.744232.3 109567.951732.1 
Smoke      < 0.001    < 0.001
 No542456.950067.124532.9 266657.0201343.0 
 Current smoker210422.194753.781546.3 16247.418052.6 
 Past smoker200021.0107764.658935.4 16750.016750.0 
Drink      0.148    0.938
 No drink357937.644461.527838.5 111056.286443.8 
 Light drink236324.8113561.770438.3 159455.8126344.2 
 Heavy drink213622.494558.666741.4 29155.523344.5 
Average hours of sleep per week      0.036    < 0.001
  < 54785.08655.17044.9 15949.416350.6 
 5–6377239.698058.469841.6 112553.796946.3 
 7–8458848.2129762.577737.5 147458.6104041.4 
  > 86907.216160.810439.2 23755.818844.2 
BMI      0.113    0.130
  ≤ 25427544.9155259.6105440.4 208756.6159943.4 
  > 25323634.097262.059538.0 90854.476145.6 
Year      < 0.001    < 0.001
 2010148915.635754.030446.0 41950.640949.4 
 2011133514.032957.124742.9 40853.835146.2 
 2012178918.845958.232941.8 53052.947147.1 
 2013176918.648662.629037.4 58959.340440.7 
 2014152916.044867.421732.6 49757.536742.5 
 2015161717.044562.926237.1 55260.735839.3 
  1. * The ratios of each reason represents the percentage compared to the number of people who showed unmet needs