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Table 3 Bivariate comparisons of oral health service utilization in the past 12 months

From: Utilization of dental services and associated factors among preschool children in China

Predisposing factor3 years old4 years old5 years old3–5 years old
% (95%CI)P% (95%CI)P% (95%CI)P% (95%CI)P
Sex =0.197 =0.432 =0.207 =0.696
 male9.9% (8.2–11.9%) 11.9% (10.4–13.5%) 17.1% (15.3–19.0%) 13.0% (11.7–14.6%) 
 female9.0% (7.7–10.5%) 12.4% (11.1–13.8%) 17.9% (16.0–20.1%) 13.2% (11.9–14.6%) 
Education < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 junior high school or lower5.3% (4.2–6.6%) 8.8% (7.6–10.2%) 12.3% (10.7–14.0%) 9.0% (8.0–10.1%) 
 senior high school9.5% (8.0–11.1%) 12.2% (10.6–13.9%) 18.4% (16.2–20.9%) 13.5% (12.1–15.0%) 
 bachelor’s degree or higher16.4% (14.3–18.9%) 18.8% (16.3–21.6%) 27.9% (25.3–30.8%) 20.9% (19.0–22.9%) 
Score of oral health attitude < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 0 to 33.7% (2.7–5.1%) 5.5% (4.4–7.0%) 9.5% (7.9–11.4%) 6.5% (5.5–7.6%) 
 4 to 610.3% (8.8–12.0%) 13.0% (11.6–14.5%) 18.7% (16.9–20.7%) 14.1% (12.8–15.5%) 
Score of oral health knowledge < 0.001 < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001
 0 to 46.1% (5.2–7.2%) 8.7% (7.4–10.3%) 12.3% (10.8–13.9%) 9.2% (8.3–10.3%) 
 4 to 811.3% (9.5–13.4%) 14.1% (12.6–15.7%) 20.8% (18.8–23.0%) 15.4% (13.9–17.1%) 
Enabling factor
 Location < 0.000 < 0.000 < 0.000 < 0.000
  urban13.1% (10.8–15.9%) 15.4% (13.1–18.1%) 22.7% (19.8–25.9%) 17.2% (14.9–19.8%) 
  rural6.9% (5.4–8.9%) 9.8% (8.4–11.4%) 13.7% (11.8–15.8%) 10.2% (8.9–11.7%) 
 Region =0.283 =0.023 =0.003 =0.011
  east9.3% (6.7–12.8%) 10.2% (8.4–12.0%) 14.5% (12.1–17.3%) 11.4% (9.4–13.8%) 
  middle8.1% (6.2–10.5%) 11.1% (8.8–13.8%) 15.5% (12.6–18.8%) 11.6% (9.7–13.8%) 
  west11.0% (8.5–14.2%) 14.5% (12.1–17.3%) 21.5% (18.1–25.3%) 15.9% (13.3–18.8%) 
 Annual per capital income < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  the lowest to 12,500CNY6.0% (4.5–7.8%) 8.8% (7.1–10.8%) 13.1% (11.2–15.3%) 9.4% (8.1–11.0%) 
  12,5000CNY-25,000CNY10.4% (8.7–12.3%) 12.7% (11.4–14.2%) 17.5% (15.5–19.6%) 13.6% (12.2–15.1%) 
  25,000CNY to the highest12.8% (11.1–14.7%) 15.7% (13.4–18.2%) 23.3% (20.5–26.3%) 17.4% (15.6–19.3%) 
Need factor
 Toothache < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  never6.0% (4.8–7.5%) 6.0% (5.0–7.1%) 7.2% (6.1–8.4%) 6.3% (5.4–7.4%) 
  occasionally26.9% (23.3–30.9%) 29.5% (26.4–32.8%) 33.7% (30.4–37.2%) 30.9% (28.4–33.6%) 
  often37.7% (30.4–45.6%) 50.4% (43.2–57.5%) 58.5% (51.7–65.0%) 52.7% (47.6–57.7%) 
  its not known5.1% (3.3–8.0%) 6.9% (4.7–10.2%) 10.9% (75.8–15.5%) 7.5% (5.7–9.9%) 
 Evaluation of overall health =0.004 =0.692 =0.038 =0.030
  good9.6% (7.8–11.8%) 12.1% (10.4–14.0%) 17.0% (15.0–19.3%) 13.1% (11.6–14.7%) 
  fair10.2% (8.7–11.9%) 12.6% (10.9–14.5%) 19.0% (16.6–21.7%) 13.9% (12.4–15.6%) 
  moderate8.7% (7.0–10.7%) 11.6% (10.1–13.2%) 15.6% (13.5–18.0%) 12.1% (10.8–13.5%) 
  worse or bad4.9% (2.7–8.7%) 10.8% (7.1–16.3%) 19.5% (14.1–26.4%) 12.2% (9.5–15.6%) 
 Evaluation of oral health < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  good5.3% (4.0–7.0%) 4.5% (3.5–5.8%) 6.6% (5.1–8.4%) 5.4% (4.5–6.6%) 
  fair6.7% (5.4–8.4%) 8.1% (6.9–9.5%) 10.3% (8.6–12.3%) 8.3% (7.2–9.6%) 
  moderate10.1% (8.3–12.4%) 13.8% (11.8–15.9%) 20.2% (17.9–22.8%) 15.1% (13.4–16.9%) 
  worse or bad31.2% (26.6–36.2%) 34.6% (31.2–38.3%) 42.8% (39.5–46.2%) 37.2% (34.4–40.2%) 
 dmft < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. P values are based on chi-square test