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Table 3 Assessment of methodological quality of included studies

From: Economic evaluations in water-fluoridation: a scoping review

Reference1. Is there a well defined question?2. Is there a comprehensive description of alternatives?3. Are all important and relevant costs and outcomes for each alternative identified?4. Has clinical effectiveness been established?5. Are costs and outcomes measured accurately?6. Are costs and outcomes valued credibly?7. Are costs and outcomes adjusted for differential timing?8. Is there an incremental analysis of costs and consequences?9. Were sensitivity analyses conducted to investigate uncertainty in estimates of cost or consequences?10. Do study results include all issues of concern to users?11. Are the results generalizable to the setting of interest in the review?Quality Rating
Davies 1973 [34]UnclearYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesNoModerate
Nelson 1976 [42]YesYesYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoModerate
Carr 1980 [49]NoUnclearYesYesNoYesYesNoYesYesNoModerate
Doessel 1985 [35]YesNoYesNoNoNoYesNoYesYesNoModerate
Birch 1986 [30]YesNoYesYesYesYesYesNoNoYesNoModerate
Manau 1987 [38]YesNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesNoFair
Birch 1990 [29]YesNoNoYesNoNoYesYesYesNoNoModerate
Millán 1991 [40]YesNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoNoNoFair
Murgueytio 1995 [41]YesYesYesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesNoModerate
Arjunan 2000 [50]YesYesUnclearYesNoYesYesNoYesNoNoModerate
Griffin 2001 [36]YesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesYesYesNoModerate
Wright 2001 [46]YesNoYesYesYesNoYesNoYesYesYesModerate
O’Connell 2005 [44]YesYesNoYesYesNoYesNoYesYesYesModerate
Campain 2010 [31]YesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesGood
Ciketic 2010 [32]YesYesNoNoYesNoYesNoYesYesNoModerate
Cobiac 2012 [33]YesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesGood
Kroon 2012 [37, 53]YesYesNoYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoModerate
Mariño 2012 [39, 54]YesNoYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesGood
Tchouaket 2013 [45]YesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesGood
Edelstein 2015 [51]YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoFair
Fyfe 2015 [47]YesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesGood
Atkins 2016 [52]YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesGood
O’Connell 2016 [43]YesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesGood
Moore 2017 [48]YesNoYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesGood