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Table 5 Summary of the parameters and results collected for the studies included in the qualitative analysis

From: Influence of glide path kinematics during endodontic treatment on the occurrence and intensity of intraoperative and postoperative pain: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials

 Intraoperative and postoperative pain assessmentAnalgesic consumption (mean ± SD)
AuthorsMethodPeriodClassificationResults (mean ± SD)
Pasqualini et al., 2012 [18]5-level pain scale form24, 48, 72 hNo pain (0), slight pain (1), mild pain (2), severe pain (3), very severe pain (4), extremely severe pain (5)24 h: IIM-GP (1.38) > ICR-GP (0.94)IIM-GP (3.7 ± 2.2) > ICR-GP (2 ± 1.7)
48 h: IIM-GP (1.19) > ICR-GP (0.71)
72 h: IIM-GP (0.95) > ICR-GP (0.48)
Chen et al., 2013 [32]3-level pain scale form#Completely painless (1); mild pain, does not affect occlusion and eating (2); severe pain, affecting occlusion and eating (3)IIIWGP (1.33 ± 0.55) > I,IICR-GP (1.14 ± 0.36)#
Guo et al., 2014 [33]Visual analogue scale#10 cm ruler marked 0 to 10 scale: pain (value 3-10) or no pain (value <3)I,IICR-GP (15-20%) = III,IVM-GP (25-35%)#
Adıgüzel et al., 2019 [2]Visual analogue scale24, 48, 72 hNo pain (0), mild pain (1–3), moderate pain (4–6), severe pain (7–10)24 h: IIR-GP (2.00 ± 1.87) = IIIWGP (3.71 ± 2.03) > ICR-GP (1.05 ± 1.07) = IIR-GPICR-GP (0.61 ± 0.95) = IIR-GP (0.74 ± 0.96) = IIIWGP (1.06 ± 1.06)
48 h: ICR-GP (0.62 ± 0.67) = IIR-GP (1.38 ± 0.80) = IIIWGP (2.95 ± 1.36)
72 h: ICR-GP (0.57 ± 0.68) = IIR-GP (1.29 ± 1.06) = IIIWGP (2.19 ± 1.33)
Keskin et al., 2019 [4]Visual analogue scale24, 48, 72 h+24 h: IIIM-GP (1.71) > IR-GP (0.45) = IICR-GP (0.76)IR-GP (0.0 ± 0.0) = IICR-GP (0.0 ± 0.0) = IIIM-GP (0.0 ± 0.0)
48 h: IIIM-GP (1.43) > IR-GP (0.28) = IICR-GP (0.43)
72 h: IIIM-GP (1.32) > IR-GP (0.21) = IICR-GP (0.28)
Tüfenkçi et al., 2019 [34]Visual analogue scale#No pain (0), mild pain (1–3), moderate pain (4–6), severe pain (7–10)IIICR-GP (2 ± 0.63*) = IR-GP (2 ± 0.95*) = IIR-GP (3 ± 1.01*) > IVCR-GP (1.5 ± 0.80*) = IIICR-GP#
  1. Superscript roman numerals mean number of groups; +Not mentioned by the author; #Not applicable; >statistically significant difference; =not statistically significant difference; *Data expressed as median ± SD; M-GP manual glide path, CR-GP continuous rotary glide path, R-GP reciprocating glide path, WGP without glide path.