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Table 1 Characteristics of the study variables (n = 472)

From: Periodontal status, perceived stress, diabetes mellitus and oral hygiene care on quality of life: a structural equation modelling analysis

  Value
Predisposing Factors
 Age, mean (SD) 46.1 (12.5)
 Gender, n (%)
  Male 175 (37.1)
  Female 297 (62.9)
Social structure
  Education, n (%)
   Primary school 78 (16.5)
   Middle 308 (65.3)
   Higher 86 (18.2)
  Occupation, n (%)
   Student 19 (4.0)
   Employed 284 (60.2)
   Unemployed 127 (26.9)
   Retired 42 (8.9)
  Marital status, n (%)
   Single 145 (30.7)
   Married / Union of fact 262 (55.5)
   Divorced 56 (11.9)
   Widowed 9 (1.9)
Enabling
 Household monthly income, mean (SD) (€) 1110.3 (790.6)
 PSS 10 positive factor, mean (SD) 9.2 (6.0)
 PSS 10 negative factor, mean (SD) 5.9 (3.3)
Treatment Need
 Missing teeth, mean (SD) 5.6 (5.5)
 Periodontal risk assessment, n (%)
  Low 284 (60.2)
  Moderate 42 (8.9)
  Higher 146 (30.9)
 Stages of periodontitis, n (%)
  No-periodontal disease 207 (43.9)
  Gingivitis 48 (10.2)
  Mild (Stage 1) 62 (13.1)
  Moderate (Stage 2) 80 (16.9)
  Severe (Stage 3 and 4) 75 (15.9)
 Periodontitis extent, n (%)
  Localized Periodontitis 105 (22.2)
  Generalized Periodontitis 112 (23.7)
 Bleeding on probing (%), mean (SD) 14.0 (19.0)
 Diabetes Mellitus, n (%)
  No 431 (91.3)
  Yes and Hbc1A < 6.5 9 (1.9)
  Yes and Hbc1A ≥ 6.5 32 (6.8)
 Denture stability, n (%)
  Subjects without denture 373 (79.4)
  Subjects with stable denture 87 (18.4)
  Subjects with unstable denture 10 (2.1)
Personal health practice / use of dental services
 Tooth brushing, n (%)  
 One or less a day 114 (24.2)
 Twice a day 274 (58.1)
 More than twice a day 84 (17.8)
 Interproximal cleaning, n (%)
  Yes 106 (22.5)
  Occasionally 64 (13.6)
  No 302 (64.0)
 Last dental attendance, n (%)
   < 6 months 140 (29.7)
  6–12 months 67 (14.2)
   > 12 months 265 (56.1)
Perceived oral outcome
Oral health impact profile (self-reported), mean (SD)
  OHIP-14 9.5 (11.3)
  OHIP −14 Physical 5.7 (5.8)
  OHIP −14 Psychological 2.6 (4.0)
  OHIP −14 Social 1.2 (2.8)