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Table 2 Comparisons of anthropometric measurements, dental measurements, blood pressure, and blood samples between the control group (n = 43) and the intervention group (n = 39) before and after treatment

From: Effect of dental intervention on improvements in metabolic syndrome patients: a randomized controlled clinical trial

  Baseline 1M 3M
Mean Mean p value* Mean p value*
Control Intervention Control Intervention   Control Intervention  
Weight (kg) 74.0 (14.2) 74.3 (9.6) 73.8 (14.9) 73.5 (9.1) 0.17 73.9 (15.2) 73 (9.2) 0.044*
Body fat rate (%) 32.2 (10.3) 29.7 (8.1) 31.7 (9.8) 28.7 (8) 0.16 31.3 (10.4) 28.9 (7.9) 0.89
Body fat mass (kg) 24.3 (10.5) 22.1 (7) 23.9 (10.5) 21.1 (6.7) 0.12 23.7 (11) 21.3 (6.6) 0.45
Lean mass (kg) 49.7 (10.1) 52.2 (8.9) 49.9 (9.8) 52.4 (8.8) 0.76 50.3 (10.1) 51.9 (8.7) 0.037*
Muscle mass (kg) 47 (9.6) 49.4 (8.6) 47.1 (9.4) 49.6 (8.4) 0.76 47.5 (9.7) 49.1 (8.4) 0.035*
Estimated bone mass (kg) 2.7 (0.5) 2.8 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 0.8 2.8 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 0.11
Body water mass (kg) 35.8 (6.4) 36.1 (5.4) 35.8 (5.9) 36.7 (5.6) 0.18 36 (5.8) 36 (5.5) 0.24
Body water rate (%) 48.7 (5.8) 48.7 (4.2) 49 (5.3) 49.9 (4.3) 0.043* 49.3 (5.9) 49.4 (4.5) 0.77
BMI 27.5 (4.2) 26.8 (3.3) 27.4 (4.4) 26.5 (3.3) 0.22 27.5 (4.5) 26.3 (3.2) 0.052
Waist circumference (cm) 98.4 (9.2) 97.8 (6) 96.8 (9.1) 95.8 (6.5) 0.57 96.1 (9.4) 95.1 (6.2) 0.67
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 136.7 (17) 140.9 (16.4) 126.6 (13.9) 130.4 (13.3) 0.47 129 (14.5) 130.4 (13.9) 0.6
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80.8 (11.8) 79 (10.6) 76.8 (9.9) 74.5 (9.5) 0.54 77.1 (11.6) 75.9 (8.8) 0.84
LDL (mg/dl) 128.7 (38.3) 137.6 (35.2) 129 (31.3) 135.2 (36.9) 0.54 130 (26.2) 131.7 (37.3) 0.19
TG (mg/dl) 188.6 (383.9) 146.5 (58.5) 150.2 (100.4) 140.1 (70.3) 0.66 152.4 (127.5) 161.5 (77.9) 0.28
HDL (mg/dl) 64.9 (19.9) 58.9 (12.7) 63.5 (17.3) 60 (13.6) 0.2 65.6 (18.8) 59.4 (15.2) 0.94
FBS (mg/dl) 96.2 (11.4) 97.2 (24.9) 101.2 (17.2) 96.4 (16.2) 0.098 98.2 (21.2) 96.2 (16.1) 0.42
HbA1c (%) NGSP 5.6 (0.4) 5.6 (0.4) 5.6 (0.4) 5.5 (0.3) 0.18 5.6 (0.5) 5.53 (0.4) 0.28
PD ≥ 4 mm (% of sites) 15.1 (14.9) 19.1 (16.3) 15.8 (16.0) 11.3 (10.0) 0.000* 16.0 (16.5) 10.4 (10.2) 0.000*
BOP (% of sites) 20.0 (18.4) 25.3 (21.4) 19.4 (19.2) 14.3 (11.5) 0.001* 18.7 (18.7) 12.9 (12.9) 0.002*
  1. Data are presented as mean (standard deviation) (for all such values). Statistical analysis using ANCOVA
  2. *Statistically significant p values for between-group differences determined by ANCOVA with sex and baseline values as covariate