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Table 1 Demographic information of mothers and children in simple and gamified groups

From: Development and evaluation of a gamified smart phone mobile health application for oral health promotion in early childhood: a randomized controlled trial

Variable Category Simple app groups Gamified app groups
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Gender of the child Boy 12 41.4 11 37.9
Girl 17 58.6 18 62.1
Level of education of mother Below high school diploma 0 0 1 3.4
High school diploma 2 6.9 4 13.8
College degree 5 17.2 4 13.8
Bachelor’s degree 12 41.4 15 51.7
Master’s degree 5 17.2 3 10.3
Doctorate degree 5 17.2 2 6.9
Level of education of father Below high school diploma 0 0 1 3.4
High school diploma 1 3.4 4 13.8
College degree 0 0 1 3.4
Bachelor’s degree 2 6.9 6 20.7
Master’s degree 22 75.9 13 44.8
Doctorate degree 4 13.8 4 13.8
Child’s dental visit When there is a problem 3 10.3 11 37.9
Regularly every 6 months to once a year 14 48.3 11 37.9
Irregular 5 17.2 3 10.3
Etc. (explain…) 7 24.1 4 13.8
How did you use the application? Seldom 7 24.1 1 3.4
If needed 8 27.6 7 24.1
Regular 14 48.3 21 72.4
Socioeconomic status of the family Excellent 1 3.4 0 0
Good 16 55.2 13 44.8
Moderate 12 41.4 14 48.3
Poor 0 0 2 6.9
Age of mother Average 36.5 36.3
Standard deviation 4.9 4.5
Age of child Average 4.7 4.5
Standard deviation 1.3 1.1