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Table 1 Socio-demographic profile of the participants

From: Impact of non-surgical periodontal therapy on serum Resistin and periodontal pathogen in periodontitis patients with obesity

Properties Obese (N = 18) Normal weight (N = 30) p - value
Age (years) [Mean(± SE)] 44.7 (2.4) 47.2 (1.9) 0.405a
BMI [Mean(± SE)] 33.3 (0.9) 23.8 (0.5) 0.000a*
N (%)
Gender
 Male 6 (33.3) 17 (56.7) 0.117b
 Female 12 (66.7) 13 (43.3)  
Ethnicity
 Malay 13 (72.2) 12 (40.0) 0.067b
 Chinese 1 (5.6) 8 (26.7)  
 Indian 4 (22.2) 10 (33.3)  
Smoking habit
 Smoker 3 (16.7) 16 (53.3) 0.021b*
 Non-smoker 14 (77.7) 11 (36.7)  
 Former smoker 1 (5.6) 3 (10.0)  
Education level
 Tertiary 6 (33.3) 6 (20.0) 0.587b
 Secondary 7 (38.9) 14 (46.7)  
 Primary 5 (27.8) 10 (33.3)  
Disease status
 Diabetic 3 (16.7) 1 (3.3) 0.106b
 Non-diabetic 15 (83.3) 29 (96.7)  
  1. aIndependent T-test; bChi-square test; *Significant p-value < 0.05, Primary education level (Primary school), Secondary education level (Secondary school), Tertiary education level (College or university)