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Table 7 Estimated association of the GOHAI-SPM with SPOH and clinical and sociodemographic variables

From: Validation of a modified version of the Spanish Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI-SP) for adults and elder people

   ADD-GOHAISC-GOHAI
  Mean + SDMultivariate coefficientp-valueMultivariate coefficientp-value
SexMan45.6 ± 9.4    
Woman40.9 ± 9.8−5.68 (−9.05 to −2.32)p = 0.001*2.40 (1.37 to 3.44)p < 0.001*
Age55 to 75 years43.6 ± 9.80.15 (−0.15 to 0.45)p = 0.313−0.04 (− 0.13 to 0.05)p = 0.422
Marital statusSingle36.8 ± 10.9    
Married44.8 ± 9.22.83 (−2.78 to 8.44)p = 0.319−0.65 (−2.37 to 1.08)p = 0.457
Divorced41.9 ± 10.86.67 (0.30 to 13.04)p = 0.040*−2.25 (−4.20 to −0.29)p = 0.025*
Educational levelUniversity46.3 ± 11.4    
Secondary education45.1 ± 8.2−3.51 (−7.35 to 0.34)p = 0.0731.40 (0.21 to 2.58)p = 0.021
Primary education41.2 ± 10.0−6.89 (−10.65 to −3.14)p < 0.001*2.37 (1.21 to 3.53)p < 0.001*
SmokerYes38.4 ± 12.5    
Ex-smoker 0–1 year43.0 ± 7.2−0.60 (−9.00 to 7.80)p = 0.8871.47 (− 1.11 to 4.05)p = 0.261
Ex-smoker 1–5 years47.0 ± 13.07.49 (−1.40 to 16.38)p = 0.097−2.63 (−5.36 to 0.10)p = 0.059
Ex-smoker > 5 years44.8 ± 8.64.91 (0.27 to 9.56)p = 0.038*−1.37 (−2.80 to 0.06)p = 0.060
Never smoked44.3 ± 9.64.82 (−0.07 to 9.70)p = 0.053−1.38 (−2.88 to 0.12)p = 0.071
Self-perceived oral healthExcellent-Very good56.1 ± 3.3    
Good47.2 ± 7.8−9.05 (−14.63 to −3.47)p = 0.002*2.68 (0.97 to 4.40)p = 0.003*
Enough-Poor39.6 ± 8.4−14.91 (−20.33 to −9.49)p < 0.001*4.75 (3.08 to 6.41)p < 0.001*
Number of teeth0–12 teeth34.7 ± 10.1    
13–32 teeth46.2 ± 8.18.95 (4.68 to 13.23)p < 0.001*−2.83 (−4.14 to −1.51)p < 0.001*
Periodontal diseaseYes41.2 ± 10.8    
No46.4 ± 8.30.05 (−3.17 to 3.27)p = 0.9760.07 (−0.92 to 1.06)p = 0.893
  1. * p < 0.05 level, SD standard deviation, ADD-GOHAI additive score of GOHAI, SC-GOHAI simple count score of GOHAI, r-squared = 0.58, Adjusted r-squared = 0.5 (ADD-GOHAI); r-squared = 0.62, Adjusted r-squared = 0.55 (SC-GOHAI)