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Table 7 Estimated association of the GOHAI-SPM with SPOH and clinical and sociodemographic variables

From: Validation of a modified version of the Spanish Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI-SP) for adults and elder people

    ADD-GOHAI SC-GOHAI
   Mean + SD Multivariate coefficient p-value Multivariate coefficient p-value
Sex Man 45.6 ± 9.4     
Woman 40.9 ± 9.8 −5.68 (−9.05 to −2.32) p = 0.001* 2.40 (1.37 to 3.44) p < 0.001*
Age 55 to 75 years 43.6 ± 9.8 0.15 (−0.15 to 0.45) p = 0.313 −0.04 (− 0.13 to 0.05) p = 0.422
Marital status Single 36.8 ± 10.9     
Married 44.8 ± 9.2 2.83 (−2.78 to 8.44) p = 0.319 −0.65 (−2.37 to 1.08) p = 0.457
Divorced 41.9 ± 10.8 6.67 (0.30 to 13.04) p = 0.040* −2.25 (−4.20 to −0.29) p = 0.025*
Educational level University 46.3 ± 11.4     
Secondary education 45.1 ± 8.2 −3.51 (−7.35 to 0.34) p = 0.073 1.40 (0.21 to 2.58) p = 0.021
Primary education 41.2 ± 10.0 −6.89 (−10.65 to −3.14) p < 0.001* 2.37 (1.21 to 3.53) p < 0.001*
Smoker Yes 38.4 ± 12.5     
Ex-smoker 0–1 year 43.0 ± 7.2 −0.60 (−9.00 to 7.80) p = 0.887 1.47 (− 1.11 to 4.05) p = 0.261
Ex-smoker 1–5 years 47.0 ± 13.0 7.49 (−1.40 to 16.38) p = 0.097 −2.63 (−5.36 to 0.10) p = 0.059
Ex-smoker > 5 years 44.8 ± 8.6 4.91 (0.27 to 9.56) p = 0.038* −1.37 (−2.80 to 0.06) p = 0.060
Never smoked 44.3 ± 9.6 4.82 (−0.07 to 9.70) p = 0.053 −1.38 (−2.88 to 0.12) p = 0.071
Self-perceived oral health Excellent-Very good 56.1 ± 3.3     
Good 47.2 ± 7.8 −9.05 (−14.63 to −3.47) p = 0.002* 2.68 (0.97 to 4.40) p = 0.003*
Enough-Poor 39.6 ± 8.4 −14.91 (−20.33 to −9.49) p < 0.001* 4.75 (3.08 to 6.41) p < 0.001*
Number of teeth 0–12 teeth 34.7 ± 10.1     
13–32 teeth 46.2 ± 8.1 8.95 (4.68 to 13.23) p < 0.001* −2.83 (−4.14 to −1.51) p < 0.001*
Periodontal disease Yes 41.2 ± 10.8     
No 46.4 ± 8.3 0.05 (−3.17 to 3.27) p = 0.976 0.07 (−0.92 to 1.06) p = 0.893
  1. * p < 0.05 level, SD standard deviation, ADD-GOHAI additive score of GOHAI, SC-GOHAI simple count score of GOHAI, r-squared = 0.58, Adjusted r-squared = 0.5 (ADD-GOHAI); r-squared = 0.62, Adjusted r-squared = 0.55 (SC-GOHAI)