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Table 4 Test and Control Participants Responses for ECC Risk Related Behaviors

From: Using motivational interviewing to reduce parental risk related behaviors for early childhood caries: a pilot study

QuestionVisit (V)Treatment
n = 13
Mean ± SD
Control
n = 11
Mean ± SD
Pvalue‡
How many times a day do you now give the child a bottle with something other than water as he/she goes to sleep?V12.7 ± 2.12.5 ± 2.70.8717
V42.0 ± 1.91.8 ± 1.50.7966
While awake, how many times a day does the child usually drink or bottle-feed with something other than water as a snack (not including meals)?V12.1 ± 2.23.1 ± 2.70.3530
V41.4 ± 1.32.3 ± 1.70.1942
QuestionSelected ResponseVisit (V)Treatment
n (%)
Control
n (%)
Pvalue‡
Do you and your child share the same utensils (spoons, forks) during feeding time?YesV13 (25%)3 (27%)1.0000
V43 (23%)3 (27%)1.0000
Do you chew the child’s food or taste it using the child’s utensil before giving it to the child?YesV13 (25%)2 (18%)1.0000
V42 (15%)1 (10%)1.0000
Do you use sweet snacks to get the child to behave? NeverV110 (77%)8 (89%)0.6161*/1.0000**
V410 (77%)7 (78%)
 SometimesV13 (23%)1 (11%)
V43 (23%)2(22%)
Do you use sweet snacks as a reward for the child? NeverV18 (67%)7 (78%)0.6594*/1.0000**
V48 (73%)6 (67%)
 SometimesV14 (33%)2 (22%)
V43 (27%)3 (33%)
How often are the child’s teeth usually cleaned or brushed? Don’t clean or brush teethV13 (23)4 (50%)0.9096*/0.1435**
V44 (31%)3 (33%)
 Less than once a weekV10 (0%)0 (0%
V40 (0%)0 (0%)
 About every other dayV11 (8%)1 (13%)
V41 (8%)1 (11%)
 Almost every dayV13 (23%)1 (13%)
V40 (0%)0 (0%)
 Once a dayV12 (15%)1 (13%)
V43 (23%)5 (56%)
 More than once a dayV13 (23%)1 (13%)
V45 (38%)0 (0%)
2x weekV11 (8%)0 (0%)
V40 (0%)0 (0%)
Which of the following are used to clean the child’s teeth? Wash clothV16 (46%)3 (33%)0.6740*/1.0000**
V44 (31%)3 (30%)
 Finger brushV12 (15%)2 (22%)1.0000*/0.3394**
V44 (31%)1 (10%)
 ToothpasteV13 (23%)1 (11%)0.6161*/0.4050**
V45 (38%)2 (20%)
 Child’s toothbrushV14 (31%)2 (22%)1.0000*/1.0000**
V44 (31%)3 (30%)
 Shared toothbrushV10 (0%)0 (0%)
V40 (0%)0 (0%)
Has the child’s primary caregiver(s) had toothaches, cavities, or bleeding gums in the past 6 months?YesV17 (54%)8 (89%)0.1649*/1.0000**
V46 (50%)5 (56%)
  1. *Visit 1 p-value; **Visit 2 p-value
  2. P values are from a two-group t-test for continuous variables and Fisher’s exact tests for the categorical measures. P < 0.05 is considered statistically significant. Some subjects did not respond to all questions