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Table 1 Univariate group differences

From: The impact of psychological attachment on the relationship between periodontal health and dental fear in patients with versus without psoriasis: a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study

Variable Group with psoriasis Group without psoriasis χ2
N N
Sex
 Male 59 43 5.42*
 Female 41 58  
Dental care utilization style
 When experiencing discomfort 21 17 0.52
 Regular control appointments 79 83  
  M (SD) M (SD) F
HAQ dental fear 21.23 (10.36) 16.37 (9.13) 1.81
CPI 2.92 (.98) 2.01 (1.00) 42.12***
RQ attachment anxiety  − 3.08 (3.13)  − 4.24 (3.76) 5.36*
RQ attachment avoidance  − 1.29 (3.33)  − 1.39 (2.30) 0.05
Age 47.38 (14.68) 46.90 (16.78) 0.05
Smoking .81 (.78) 1.33 (.79) 21.96***
Dental hygiene 1.65 (.52) 1.84 (.37) 9.40**
DMFT score 13.67 (6.87) 11.66 (7.16) 4.11*
  1. HAQ hierarchical anxiety questionnaire, CPI community periodontal index, RQ relationship questionnaire, DMFT decayed, missing, filled teeth index, N number of
  2. ***p > 0.001, **p > 0.01, *p > 0.05, ‘p > 0.10