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Table 1 Association of individual factors and root/coronal ICDAS active/inactive caries lesions

From: Association between root/coronal caries and individual factors in institutionalised elderly using ICDAS severity and activity

  Presence of ≥ 1 root caries lesions Presence of ≥ 1 active root caries lesions Presence of ≥ 1 coronal caries lesions Presence of ≥ 1 active coronal caries lesions
No (n = 122) Yes (n = 104) p value No (n = 135) Yes (n = 91) p value No (n = 103) Yes (n = 123) p value No (n = 111) Yes (n = 115) p value
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Sex*
 Female 84 (68.9) 60 (57.7) 0.082 90 (66.7) 54 (37.5) 0.261 65 (63.1) 79 (64.2) 0.861 71 (64.0) 73 (63.5) 0.939
 Male 38 (31.1) 44 (42.3)   45 (54.9) 37 (45.1)   38 (36.9) 44 (35.8)   40 (36.0) 42 (36.5)  
Age (years)*
  < 65 11 (9.0) 11 (10.7) 0.693 12 (54.5) 10 (45.4) 0.601 8 (7.8) 14 (11.4) 0.361 10 (9.0) 12 (10.4) 0.718
  ≥ 65 111 (91.1) 93 (89.4)   123 (60.3) 81 (39.7)   95 (92.2) 109 (88.6)   101 (91.0) 103 (89.6)  
Reported hyposalivation in the medical health record**
 No 119 (97.5) 100 (96.2) 0.549 131 (59.8) 88 (40.2) 1.000 102 (99.0) 117 (95.1) 0.091 107 (96.4) 112 (97.4) 0.666
 Yes 3 (2.5) 4 (3.8)   4 (57.1) 3 (42.9)   1 (1.0) 6 (4.9)   4 (3.6) 3 (2.6)  
Caries risk classification**
 Low 49 (40.2) 50 (48.1) 0.232 4 (80.0) 1 (20.0) 0.651 47 (45.6) 52 (42.3) 0.613 50 (45.0) 49 (42.6) 0.712
 High 73 (59.8) 54 (51.9)   131 (59.3) 90 (40.7)   56 (54.4) 71 (57.7)   61 (55.0) 66 (57.4)  
Use of partial dentures*
 No 88 (72.1) 69 (66.3) 0.347 96 (71.1) 61 (67.0) 0.514 64 (62.1) 93 (75.6) 0.028 66 (59.5) 91 (79.1) 0.001
 Yes 34 (27.9) 35 (33.7)   39 (28.9) 30 (33.0)   67 (65.0) 79 (64.2)   74 (66.7) 72 (62.6)  
Number of toothbrushings per day with ≥ 1000 ppm F toothpaste*
  ≥ 2 72 (59.0) 51 (49.0) 0.133 79 (58.5) 45 (49.5) 0.179 59 (57.3) 64 (52.0) 0.430 62 (55.9) 61 (53.0) 0.671
  < 2 50 (41.0) 53 (51.0)   56 (41.5) 46 (50.5)   44 (42.7) 59 (48.0)   49 (44.1) 54 (47.0)  
Minimum of one daily cleaning of the partial denture**
 No 4 (5.8) 11 (15.9) 0.047 7 (10.1) 8 (11.6) 0.384 10 (14.5) 5 (7.2) 0.370 11 (15.9) 4 (5.8) 0.455
 Yes 30 (43.5) 24 (34.8)   32 (46.4) 22 (31.9)   29 (42.0) 25 (36.2)   34 (49.3) 20 (29.0)  
Need of assistance to perform oral hygiene*
 No 54 (44.3) 41 (39.4) 0.463 58 (61.0) 37 (38.9) 0.731 48 (46.6) 47 (38.2) 0.203 52 (46.8) 43 (37.4) 0.150
 Yes 68 (55.7) 63 (60.6)   77 (58.8) 54 (41.2)   55 (53.4) 76 (61.8)   59 (53.2) 72 (62.6)  
Daily intake of free sugars exceeding the WHO recommendations*
 No 29 (23.8) 22 (21.2) 0.639 30 (58.8) 21 (41.2) 0.880 25 (24.3) 26 (21.1) 0.575 27 (24.3) 24 (20.9) 0.575
 Yes 93 (76.2) 82 (78.8)   105 (60.0) 70 (40.0)   78 (75.7) 97 (78.9)   84 (75.7) 91 (79.1)  
Presence of painful sites in the mouth*
 No 118 (96.7) 96 (92.3) 0.140 130 (60.7) 84 (39.2) 0.232 99 (96.1) 115 (93.5) 0.382 107 (96.4) 107 (93.0) 0.382
 Yes 4 (3.3) 8 (7.7)   5 (41.7) 7 (58.3)   4 (3.9) 8 (6.5)   4 (3.6) 8 (7.0)  
Number of teeth*
  ≤ 6 43 (35.2) 37 (35.6) 0.077 50 (37.0) 30 (32.9) 0.246 46 (44.7) 34 (27.6) 0.028 50 (45.0) 30 (26.1) 0.012
 7–14 30 (24.6) 38 (36.5)   35 (25.9) 33 (36.3)   27 (26.2) 41 (33.3)   28 (25.2) 40 (34.8)  
  > 14 49 (40.2) 29 (27.9)   50 (37.0) 28 (30.8)   30 (29.1) 48 (39.0)   33 (29.7) 45 (39.1)  
Number of exposed root surfaces
  ≤ 8 59 (48.4) 24 (23.1) 0.000 61 (45.2) 22 (24.2) 0.004 44 (42.7) 39 (31.7) 0.227 46 (41.4) 37 (32.2) 0.286
 9–21 25 (20.5) 39 (37.5)   31 (22.9) 33 (36.3)   27 (26.2) 37 (30.1)   31 (27.9) 33 (28.7)  
  ≥ 22 38 (31.1) 41 (39.4)   43 (31.9) 36 (39.6)   32 (31.1) 47 (38.2)   34 (30.6) 45 (39.1)  
During the last three months have you …
been concerned about dental problems?**
 No 114 (93.4) 98 (94.2) 0.806 127 (59.6) 86 (40.4) 0.891 96 (93.2) 116 (94.3) 0.731 103 (92.8) 109 (94.8) 0.731
 Yes 8 (6.6) 6 (5.8)   8 (61.5) 5 (38.5)   7 (6.8) 7 (5.7)   8 (7.2) 6 (5.2)  
used medication due to dental pain or discomfort?**
 No 121 (99.2) 100 (96.2) 0.123 134 (60.6) 87 (39.4) 0.160 102 (99.0) 119 (96.7) 0.246 110 (99.1) 111 (96.5) 0.246
 Yes 1 (0.8) 4 (3.8)   1 (20.0) 4 (80.0)   1 (1.0) 4 (3.3)   1 (0.9) 4 (3.5)  
changed the type of food due to dental pain or discomfort?**
 No 115 (94.3) 94 (90.4) 0.271 127 (94.1) 82 (90.1) 0.268 98 (95.1) 111 (90.2) 0.164 104 (93.7) 105 (91.3) 0.164
 Yes 7 (5.7) 10 (9.6)   8 (5.9) 9 (9.9)   5 (4.9) 12 (9.8)   7 (6.3) 10 (8.7)  
  1. 2 test; **Fisher test. Data established based on subjects that wear partial denture (n = 69)