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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analysis assessing the risk indicators for developing TMD

From: Evaluation of temporomandibular disorders among dental students of Saudi Arabia using Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD): a cross-sectional study

Parameter Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Odds ratio (CI) P value Adjusted odds ratio (CI) P value
Age < 20 years Reference
20–25 years 1.55 (0.65–1.96) 0.16
> 25 years 1.86 (0.74–2.01) 0.29
Gender Male Reference Reference
Female 2.04 (0.85–2.56) < 0.001 1.94 (0.42–2.34) 0.004
Marital Status Single Reference Reference
Married 1.95 (0.62–2.45) 0.01 1.74 (0.35–2.10) 0.04
Academic Level Preclinical Reference Reference
Clinical 1.84 (0.54–2.78) 0.002 1.65 (0.35–2.24) 0.03
GPA < 3 1.22 (0.34–1.85) 0.08
≥ 3 Reference
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. P values mentioned in bold are statistically significant