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Table 1 Bivariate analysis of predisposing factors, enabling factors, dental treatment needs (Andersen’s behavioral model of health services use-based variables) associated with patient satisfaction

From: Rural–urban disparities in patient satisfaction with oral health care: a provincial survey

Satisfaction differences Mean ± SD T Mean difference Std. error 95% Confidence interval p value
Gender
 Male 41.8 ± 4.6  − 2.04  − 0.663 0.32 (− 1.30, − 0.03) 0.042
 Female 42.4 ± 4.5      
Place of birth
 Canada 42.6 ± 4.4 7.72 3.25 0.42 (2.43, 4.08)  < 0.001
 Others 39.3 ± 4.4      
Ethnicity  
 North American 42.5 ± 4.3 4.51 1.80 0.40 (1.02, 2.58)  < 0.001
 Others 40.7 ± 5.6      
Marital status
 Single 41.5 ± 4.7 2.87 0.94 0.33 (0.30, 1.57) 0.004
 Married 42.4 ± 4.5      
Income
  < 40,000$ CAD 41.7 ± 4.8  − 4.54  − 1.04 0.23 (− 1.49, − 0.59)  < 0.001
  ≥ 40,000$ CAD 42.8 ± 4.3      
Dental knowledge
 Yes 42.4 ± 4.5 3.08 1.93 0.63 (0.70, 3.16) 0.002
 No 40.5 ± 4.7      
Perceived general health
 Poor 38.9 ± 4.4 4.53 3.51 0.77 (1.99, 5.02)  < 0.001
 Good 42.4 ± 4.5      
Perceived oral health
 Poor 39.0 ± 5.1 7.03 3.50 0.50 (2.52, 4.47)  < 0.001
 Good 42.5 ± 4.4      
Dental insurance
 Yes 42.8 ± 4.4 6.50 1.47 0.23 (1.03, 1.91)  < 0.001
 No 41.4 ± 4.7      
Type of clinic
 Private 42.4 ± 4.5 3.22 1.64 0.51 (0.64, 2.64) 0.001
 Public 40.8 ± 5.0      
Difficulty finding dentist
 Difficult 39.0 ± 5.1  − 8.04  − 3.53 0.44 (− 4.39, − 2.67)  < 0.001
 Easy 42.6 ± 4.4      
Having family dentist
 Yes 42.6 ± 4.3 11.21 5.31 0.47 (4.39, 6.24)  < 0.001
 No 37.3 ± 5.2      
Dental treatment need
 Yes 41.7 ± 4.7  − 4.78  − 1.07 0.22 (− 1.50, − 0.63)  < 0.001
 No 42.7 ± 4.4      
Having dental visit last year
 Yes 42.7 ± 4.2 8.36 2.51 0.30 (1.29, 3.10)  < 0.001
 No 40.2 ± 5.4      
Reason of visiting dentist
 Check up 42.9 ± 4.4 5.30 1.13 0.21 (0.71, 1.55)  < 0.001
 Other reasons 41.8 ± 4.6      
Place of residency
 Rural 42.2 ± 4 0.43 0.12 0.28 (− 0.42, 0.66) 0.66
 Urban 42.4 ± 4.6